Common Name: Chinese Zelkova
Zelkova schneideriana is a deciduous tree with a densely branched crown; it can grow up to 35 metres tall. The bole can be up to 80cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild as a source of wood and fibre. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental in gardens.
E. Asia - central and southern China.
Beside streams; at elevations from 200 - ,1100 metres (1800 - 2800 metres in Yunnan and Xizang Provinces)[
|Other Uses Rating
Zelkova schneideriana is very cold-tolerant, able to withstand temperatures falling to around 25°c when dormant, but the young growth is more susceptible and can be damaged by late frosts in the spring[
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in almost any good soil, acid or alkaline, preferring a deep well-drained moist loam[
]. Prefers a moderately sheltered position[
]. Relatively shade tolerant[
]. A fast growing tree[
Plants are susceptible to Dutch Elm Disease, but the beetle that is the vector of this disease rarely feeds on Zelkova so infestation is rare[
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
The fibre from the bark is used for manufacturing ropes and paper[
The high quality timber is resistant to decay[
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed requires stratification and should be sown as early in the year as possible[
]. Germination rates are variable[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.