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Useful Temperate Plants

Vicia pannonica

Crantz

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Vicia purpurascens DC.

Vicia striata M.Bieb.

Common Name: Hungarian Vetch

Vicia pannonica
Flowering stem of subspecies striata, growing in semi-dry grassland at Wartberg near Ulrichskirchen, Lower Austria
Photograph by: Stefan.lefnaer
Creative Commons License
Vicia pannonica Vicia pannonica Vicia pannonica Vicia pannonica Vicia pannonica

General Information

Vicia pannonica is an annual climbing plant growing 40 - 60cm tall, occasionally to 100cm. The erect to ascending stems are 2 - 4 branched from the base; they often scramble over the ground, climbing into surrounding vegetation where they attach themselves by means of tendrils[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The plant is cultivated as a green manure.
Although reportedly uncommon, Vicia pannonica is a widespread, stable species with no apparent threats. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2016)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The plant is a noxious weed in cereal crops[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

S. Europe - France and Spain, east to Ukraine, Greece and Bulgaria; W. Asia - Turkey, Caucasus, Iran

Habitat

Cultivated and fallow fields and roadsides; at elevations from sea level to 2,000 metres in Turkey[418,1128].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitAnnual Climber
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated

Cultivation Details

Vicia pannonica is a plant of the temperate zone, often found in semi-arid regions, growing at elevations up to 1,300 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 10 - 17°c, but can tolerate 4 - 22°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -18°c, but young growth can be severely damaged at -1°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 50 - 700mm, but tolerates 350 - 1,030mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Species in this genus generally succeed in any well-drained soil in a sunny position if the soil is reliably moist throughout the growing season, otherwise they are best grown in semi-shade[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6.5 - 7.5, tolerating 4.9 - 8.2[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
As a minor forage crop grown in W, central and SE Europe, also in the Near Eastern countries; in S Europe mainly for seed production, otherwise for green or dry forage and as pasture plant. Also cultivated for similar purposes in the Pacific North-west of the USA, here also for green manuring. Rarely grown elsewhere. The species is important because of its winter-hardiness and drought-tolerance. It was sown often mixed with winter cultivars of cereals. The cultivation was firstly recommended by French and German breeding firms in the second half of the 19th cent. The cultivars belong to subsp. Pannonica, but subsp. Striata has more recently introduced into breeding and cultivation trials, too[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is grown as a green manure crop[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. Used especially in the Pacific Northwest of the USA, where it is valued because of its winter-hardiness and drought-tolerance as well as its ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]..

Other Uses

Vicia pannonica belongs to Taxon Group 1B of cultivated V. pannonica and is also a tertiary wild relative of Narbon Bean V. narbonensis L. and Common Vetch V. sativa L. and more remotely a number of other cultivated vetches including Faba Bean V. faba L., Articulated Vetch V. articulata Hornem., Bitter Vetch V. ervilia (L.) Willd. and Winter Vetch V. villosa Roth. (Maxted 1995, Maxted and Douglas 1996). As a result, it has the potential for use as a gene donor for crop improvement[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ in spring or autumn. The seed has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-10-07. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Vicia+pannonica>

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