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Useful Temperate Plants

Swertia thomsonii

C.B.Clarke

Gentianaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Swertia thomsonii is a herbaceous perennial plant with erect, hollow stems; it usually grows around 30 - 90cm tall[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
506
Title
The Flora of British India. (in 7 volumes)
Publication
 
Author
Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; London
Year
1872 - 1897
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but has some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

506
Title
The Flora of British India. (in 7 volumes)
Publication
 
Author
Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; London
Year
1872 - 1897
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but has some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

E. Asia - Himalayan regions of Pakistan and northwest India

Habitat

; at elevations from 3,000 - 3,800 metres[
1649
Title
Medicinal plants in Himachal Pradesh, north western Himalaya, India
Publication
International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management 3 (2007) 234-251
Author
Samant S.S. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Very terse information on each plant, but lists 643 species used medicinally in Himachal Pradesh
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Swertia species are generally plants of moderate to high elevations where they are often found on damp slopes and humus-rich, peat mosses. They grow best in areas with cool summers and perennial species are generally cold-hardy to temperatures down to around -15°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Swertia species generally grow well in humus-rich soils in damp, open woodland, by streams or in bog gardens[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The whole plant is used in the treatment of fevers, headaches, stomach-aches, and stomach disorders[
1649
Title
Medicinal plants in Himachal Pradesh, north western Himalaya, India
Publication
International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management 3 (2007) 234-251
Author
Samant S.S. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Very terse information on each plant, but lists 643 species used medicinally in Himachal Pradesh
,
2025
Title
Ethnobotany of the Himalayas
Publication
 
Author
Kunwar R.M., Sher H. & Bussmann R.W. (Eds)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57408-6
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2021
ISBN
978-3-030-57407-9
Description
 
,
2037
Title
A cross-cultural analysis of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh (India) medicinal plant use
Publication
J Ethnopharmacol. 2014;155:925-86.
Author
Gairola S. et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2014.06.029
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
A decoction or a powder of the roots and leaves is used to remedy malarial fever[
2025
Title
Ethnobotany of the Himalayas
Publication
 
Author
Kunwar R.M., Sher H. & Bussmann R.W. (Eds)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57408-6
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2021
ISBN
978-3-030-57407-9
Description
 
,
2036
Title
Exploring threatened traditional knowledge; ethnomedicinal studies of rare endemic flora from Lesser Himalayan regi
Publication
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 2019;29(6):785
Author
Majid A. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2019.03.005
Publisher
 
Year
2019
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The leaves are used in the treatment of abdominal pain[
2025
Title
Ethnobotany of the Himalayas
Publication
 
Author
Kunwar R.M., Sher H. & Bussmann R.W. (Eds)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57408-6
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2021
ISBN
978-3-030-57407-9
Description
 
,
2037
Title
A cross-cultural analysis of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh (India) medicinal plant use
Publication
J Ethnopharmacol. 2014;155:925-86.
Author
Gairola S. et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2014.06.029
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in trays in spring in a humus-rich medium in temperatures not exceeding 10°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer.
Division of large clumps in spring, taking care not to damage any taproots[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-05-27. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Swertia+thomsonii>

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