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Useful Temperate Plants

Swertia angustifolia

Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don

Gentianaceae

+ Synonyms

Ophelia angustifolia (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) D.Don ex G.Don

Ophelia florida G.Don

Swertia kachinensis Lace

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Swertia angustifolia is an annual herb with an erect, branched stem around 20 - 80cm tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1977
Title
Non-Timber Forest Products of Nepal Himalaya - database of some important species found in the mountain protected ar
Publication
 
Author
Ghimire S.K. et al
Publisher
WWF Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
Year
2008
ISBN
978-99946-837-9-6
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is often used as an adulterant, mixed with Swertia chirataya and traded under that name[
2025
Title
Ethnobotany of the Himalayas
Publication
 
Author
Kunwar R.M., Sher H. & Bussmann R.W. (Eds)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57408-6
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2021
ISBN
978-3-030-57407-9
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - Himalayas from northern Pakistan, India, Nepal, northern Myanmar, southern and eastern China, Indo-China

Habitat

Shrublands, pasture, open slopes, streamsides, rocky areas, wastelands, edges of cultivated fields; at elevations from 100 - 3,300 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1977
Title
Non-Timber Forest Products of Nepal Himalaya - database of some important species found in the mountain protected ar
Publication
 
Author
Ghimire S.K. et al
Publisher
WWF Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
Year
2008
ISBN
978-99946-837-9-6
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.60 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Swertia species are generally plants of moderate to high elevations where they are often found on damp slopes and humus-rich, peat mosses. They grow best in areas with cool summers and perennial species are generally cold-hardy to temperatures down to around -15°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Swertia species generally grow well in humus-rich soils in damp, open woodland, by streams or in bog gardens[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Although considered to be of inferior use as a medicinal herb, Swertia angustifolia is often used as adulterant of Swertia chirayita[
2025
Title
Ethnobotany of the Himalayas
Publication
 
Author
Kunwar R.M., Sher H. & Bussmann R.W. (Eds)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57408-6
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2021
ISBN
978-3-030-57407-9
Description
 
]. It is, however, also an ingredient in Ayurbvedic and Amchi medicine in its own right, and is used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions. It is applied in the treatment of fevers, to remedy gallbladder problems, to treat diabetes. respiratory tract problems, asthma, colds, coughs and flu[
2025
Title
Ethnobotany of the Himalayas
Publication
 
Author
Kunwar R.M., Sher H. & Bussmann R.W. (Eds)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57408-6
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2021
ISBN
978-3-030-57407-9
Description
 
]. It is sometimes also employed as a blood purifier, bitter tonic and antioxidant, as a remedy for malaria, and to treat mental disorders and epilepsy[
2025
Title
Ethnobotany of the Himalayas
Publication
 
Author
Kunwar R.M., Sher H. & Bussmann R.W. (Eds)
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57408-6
Publisher
Springer Nature; Switzerland
Year
2021
ISBN
978-3-030-57407-9
Description
 
].

The plant contains tetraoxygenated and pentaoxygenated xanthones and xanthone 1-glucosides[
1977
Title
Non-Timber Forest Products of Nepal Himalaya - database of some important species found in the mountain protected ar
Publication
 
Author
Ghimire S.K. et al
Publisher
WWF Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
Year
2008
ISBN
978-99946-837-9-6
Description
 
].
The plant is traded mixed with Swertia chirayita[
1977
Title
Non-Timber Forest Products of Nepal Himalaya - database of some important species found in the mountain protected ar
Publication
 
Author
Ghimire S.K. et al
Publisher
WWF Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
Year
2008
ISBN
978-99946-837-9-6
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in trays in spring in a humus-rich medium in temperatures not exceeding 10°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-05-29. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Swertia+angustifolia>

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