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Useful Temperate Plants

Staphylea bumalda

DC.

Staphyleaceae

+ Synonyms

Bumalda trifolia Thunb.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Staphylea bumalda is a deciduous shrub or small tree with spreading branches; it usually grows up to 2 metres tall, but occasionally reaches 5 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is commonly harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials. It is a popular vegetable in parts of its range and has potential for medicinal use[
1688
Title
New triterpenoids from Staphylea bumalda flower buds and their neuroprotective activity against H2O2-induced injury
Publication
Arch. Pharm. Res. October 2018
Author
Zheng-Xi Zhang et al
Website
http://doi.org/10.1007/s12272-018-1086-3
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1976-3786
Description
 
]. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental.
Staphylea bumalda has a very wide distribution, a large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2019)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - China (Anhui, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan), Japan, Korea.

Habitat

Woods and by streams in lowland and hilly areas; at elevations up to 1,300 metres[
58
Title
Flora of Japan. (English translation)
Publication
 
Author
Ohwi. G.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.
]. Open forests and roadsides[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height1.80 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Staphylea bumalda is generally a very cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate temperatures down to around -30°c when fully dormant. The Japanese form of the species, however, is rather more tender[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
184
Title
Shrubs.
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books
Year
1989
ISBN
0-330-30258-2
Description
Excellent photographs and a terse description of 1,900 species and cultivars.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The plants flower best in years that follow hot summers[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Tolerant of a wide range of soils so long as they are not too dry[
182
Title
Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1992
ISBN
0-7195-5043-2
Description
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
], it prefers a rich loamy soil in full sun or semi-shade[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
,
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Young leaves - cooked[
105
Title
Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Tanaka. T. & Nakao S.
Publisher
Keigaku Publishing; Tokyo
Year
1976
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
,
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
,
179
Title
Famine Foods listed in the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao.
Publication
 
Author
Reid. B. E.
Publisher
Southern Materials Centre; Taipei
Year
1977
ISBN
-
Description
A translation of an ancient Chinese book on edible wild foods. Fascinating.
,
1687
Title
Wild food plants and wild edible fungi in two valleys of the Qinling Mountains (Shaanxi, central China)
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2012, 9:26
Author
Yongxiang Kang, Lukasz Luczaj, Jin Kang & Shijiao Zhang
Website
http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/26
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on 185 wild food plant species.
]. Boiled, then eaten with oil and salt[
179
Title
Famine Foods listed in the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao.
Publication
 
Author
Reid. B. E.
Publisher
Southern Materials Centre; Taipei
Year
1977
ISBN
-
Description
A translation of an ancient Chinese book on edible wild foods. Fascinating.
]. They can be dried for later use[
1687
Title
Wild food plants and wild edible fungi in two valleys of the Qinling Mountains (Shaanxi, central China)
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2012, 9:26
Author
Yongxiang Kang, Lukasz Luczaj, Jin Kang & Shijiao Zhang
Website
http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/26
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on 185 wild food plant species.
]. Often seen as a famine food and only eaten when better foods are not available[
179
Title
Famine Foods listed in the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao.
Publication
 
Author
Reid. B. E.
Publisher
Southern Materials Centre; Taipei
Year
1977
ISBN
-
Description
A translation of an ancient Chinese book on edible wild foods. Fascinating.
].

Flower buds - cooked[
1687
Title
Wild food plants and wild edible fungi in two valleys of the Qinling Mountains (Shaanxi, central China)
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2012, 9:26
Author
Yongxiang Kang, Lukasz Luczaj, Jin Kang & Shijiao Zhang
Website
http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/9/1/26
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on 185 wild food plant species.
]. A popular wild vegetable[
1688
Title
New triterpenoids from Staphylea bumalda flower buds and their neuroprotective activity against H2O2-induced injury
Publication
Arch. Pharm. Res. October 2018
Author
Zheng-Xi Zhang et al
Website
http://doi.org/10.1007/s12272-018-1086-3
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1976-3786
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The plant has been used as a main ingredient in proprietary medicines to treat neurological diseases[
1688
Title
New triterpenoids from Staphylea bumalda flower buds and their neuroprotective activity against H2O2-induced injury
Publication
Arch. Pharm. Res. October 2018
Author
Zheng-Xi Zhang et al
Website
http://doi.org/10.1007/s12272-018-1086-3
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1976-3786
Description
 
].

The plant contains compounds of value in the treatment of inflammatory diseases[
1688
Title
New triterpenoids from Staphylea bumalda flower buds and their neuroprotective activity against H2O2-induced injury
Publication
Arch. Pharm. Res. October 2018
Author
Zheng-Xi Zhang et al
Website
http://doi.org/10.1007/s12272-018-1086-3
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1976-3786
Description
 
].

Other Uses

An oil obtained from the seed is used for making soap and paint[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

A fibre is obtained from the barl[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Propagation

Seed - this can be very slow to germinate, sometimes taking 18 months or more. It is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
], and some of it at least should then germinate in the spring. Stored seed should be sown as early in the year as possible and given cold stratification - it might not germinate until spring of the following year. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out early the following summer.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, mid summer in a frame. Fair to good percentage[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Cuttings of mature wood usually root readily[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].
Layering in mid summer. Takes 15 months. Good percentage[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2023-12-05. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Staphylea+bumalda>

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