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Useful Temperate Plants

Solanum triflorum

Nutt.

Solanaceae

+ Synonyms

Solanum calophyllum Phil.

Solanum gaudichaudii pyrethrifolium (Griseb.) Kuntze

Solanum mendocinum Phil.

Solanum ponticum Prodan

Solanum pyrethrifolium Griseb

Common Name: Cutleaf Nightshade

No Image.

General Information

Solanum triflorum is a sprawling annual plant that can grow around 30 - 100cm tall and spread 50 - 100cm[
1781
Title
Invasive Species
Publication
Tasmanian Government, Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Hobart
Author
 
Website
https://dpipwe.tas.gov.au/invasive-species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of information sheets on around 150 species of plants that are declared weeds in Tasmania
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
Solanum triflorum has become a weed of cultivation and disturbed sites. It is a declared weed in Tasmania, where it has the potential to be a serious agricultural weed - impotation, sale and distribution of the plant are prohibited[
1781
Title
Invasive Species
Publication
Tasmanian Government, Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Hobart
Author
 
Website
https://dpipwe.tas.gov.au/invasive-species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of information sheets on around 150 species of plants that are declared weeds in Tasmania
].

Known Hazards

All parts of the plant are poisonous[
1781
Title
Invasive Species
Publication
Tasmanian Government, Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Hobart
Author
 
Website
https://dpipwe.tas.gov.au/invasive-species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of information sheets on around 150 species of plants that are declared weeds in Tasmania
].
Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most species in this genus also contain toxic alkaloids. Whilst these alkaloids can make the plant useful in treaing a range of medical conditions, they can also cause problems such as nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weakness and respiratory depression[
293
Title
Poisonous Plants of North Carolina
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/poison.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent concise but comprehensive guide to toxic plants that grow in N. Carolina. It lists even those plants that are of very low toxicity, including several well-known food plants such as carrots and potatoes.
].
Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Botanical References

43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
,
235
Title
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada
Publication
 
Author
Britton. N. L. Brown. A.
Publisher
Dover Publications. New York.
Year
1970
ISBN
0-486-22642-5
Description
Reprint of a 1913 Flora, but still a very useful book.

Range

N. America - British Columbia to Quebec, south to California, Texas, Tennessee and Ohio; Southern S. America - Argentina

Habitat

Dry plains, open woods, roadsides etc[
43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
]. Dunes, recreational areas, along the sides of roads, waste places etc[
1781
Title
Invasive Species
Publication
Tasmanian Government, Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Hobart
Author
 
Website
https://dpipwe.tas.gov.au/invasive-species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of information sheets on around 150 species of plants that are declared weeds in Tasmania
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
HabitAnnual
Height0.75 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in most soils, growing best in a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
1781
Title
Invasive Species
Publication
Tasmanian Government, Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Hobart
Author
 
Website
https://dpipwe.tas.gov.au/invasive-species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of information sheets on around 150 species of plants that are declared weeds in Tasmania
].
This species is said to be a good companion for watermelons, it has been planted with them in order to make the watermelons more prolific and ripen earlier[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. An infusion of the plant has been sprayed on the watermelons in order to make them more prolific and ripen earlier[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
105
Title
Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Tanaka. T. & Nakao S.
Publisher
Keigaku Publishing; Tokyo
Year
1976
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
,
161
Title
Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237.
Publication
 
Author
Yanovsky. E.
Publisher
U.S. Depf of Agriculture.
Year
 
ISBN
-
Description
A comprehensive but very terse guide. Not for the casual reader.
]. Used in times of food shortage[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. Considered to be poisonous by some native peoples[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
]. Eaten as a fruit or vegetable, the fruit can also be dried, ground into a powder and used with cereals for making bread etc[
61
Title
A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Publication
 
Author
Usher. G.
Publisher
Constable
Year
1974
ISBN
0094579202
Description
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
]. The ripe fruit can be boiled, mashed and mixed with ground chilli and salt then used as a condiment with mush or bread[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Medicinal

A decoction of the berries has been used in the treatment of stomach aches and for children with diarrhoea[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2023-01-31. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Solanum+triflorum>

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