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Useful Temperate Plants

Sinomenium acutum

(Thunb.) Rehder & E.H.Wilson

Menispermaceae

+ Synonyms

Cocculus diversifolius Miq.

Cocculus variiformis Hemsl.

Marsdenia acuta (Thunb.) Tanaka

Menispermum acutum Thunb.

Menispermum diversifolium Gagnep.

Menispermum diversifolium Spreng.

Sinomenium diversifolium Diels

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Sinomenium acutum is a deciduous climbing shrub with twining stems that can be more than 20 metres long[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for use as a medicine, food and as a source of materials. It contains the alkaloid sinomenine, which is used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - central China, Japan, northern India, Nepal, northern Thailand.

Habitat

Thickets and sparse forests; at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
109
Title
Plantae Wilsonae. Vol 1 - 3
Publication
 
Author
Wilson. E. H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
University Press; Cambridge.
Year
1911 - 1917
ISBN
 
Description
Details of the palnts collected by the plant collector E. H. Wilson on his travels in China. Gives some habitats. Not for the casual reader. It can be downloaded from the internet.
,
147
Title
A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Running Press; Philadelphica.
Year
1977
ISBN
0-914294-92-X
Description
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
]

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Climber
Height6.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in most soils in sun or shade[
182
Title
Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1992
ISBN
0-7195-5043-2
Description
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
].
A polymorphic species, the leaves varying considerably in shape and lobing[
182
Title
Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1992
ISBN
0-7195-5043-2
Description
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
].

Edible Uses

Root - cooked[
105
Title
Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Tanaka. T. & Nakao S.
Publisher
Keigaku Publishing; Tokyo
Year
1976
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
].

Leaves - cooked[
105
Title
Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Tanaka. T. & Nakao S.
Publisher
Keigaku Publishing; Tokyo
Year
1976
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
].

Medicinal

The plant has a history of more than 1,000 years of medicinal use in China, where it is used especially in the treatment of rheumatic arthritis[
1655
Title
Sinomenine induces apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cellderived osteoclasts in vitro via caspase-3 activation
Publication
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (2014) 35: 203-210
Author
Long-gang He et al
Website
http://www.nature.com/aps
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1671-4083
Description
 
].
The roots are anodyne and carminative[
147
Title
A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Running Press; Philadelphica.
Year
1977
ISBN
0-914294-92-X
Description
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
]. A decoction is used in the treatment of oedema, moisture-related beriberi, rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases[
147
Title
A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Running Press; Philadelphica.
Year
1977
ISBN
0-914294-92-X
Description
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
,
1655
Title
Sinomenine induces apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cellderived osteoclasts in vitro via caspase-3 activation
Publication
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (2014) 35: 203-210
Author
Long-gang He et al
Website
http://www.nature.com/aps
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1671-4083
Description
 
].

The plant, especially the roots and stems, contains the alkaloid sinomenine, which has been demonstrated to have antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive effects[
1655
Title
Sinomenine induces apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cellderived osteoclasts in vitro via caspase-3 activation
Publication
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (2014) 35: 203-210
Author
Long-gang He et al
Website
http://www.nature.com/aps
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1671-4083
Description
 
,
1656
Title
Effects of Sinomenine on the Expression of microRNA-155 in 2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid-Induced Colitis in Mic
Publication
PLoS ONE 8(9): e73757 2013
Author
Qiao Yu et al
Website
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073757
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
A highly pure drug made of hydrochloric sinomenine has shown therapeutic efficacy and few side effects in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, being used in China since the 1990's[
1655
Title
Sinomenine induces apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cellderived osteoclasts in vitro via caspase-3 activation
Publication
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (2014) 35: 203-210
Author
Long-gang He et al
Website
http://www.nature.com/aps
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1671-4083
Description
 
].
Sinomenine has also been shown to have positive therapeutic activity in the treatment of other inflammatory diseases, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome[
1656
Title
Effects of Sinomenine on the Expression of microRNA-155 in 2,4,6-Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid-Induced Colitis in Mic
Publication
PLoS ONE 8(9): e73757 2013
Author
Qiao Yu et al
Website
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073757
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The plant is used for making rattan articles[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm taken at a node, mid summer in a frame[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. Good percentage[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-02-21. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Sinomenium+acutum>

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