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Useful Temperate Plants

Silene uniflora

Roth

Caryophyllaceae

+ Synonyms

Behen maritimus Link

Behen uniflorus Link

Behenantha uniflora (Roth) Ikonn.

Cucubalus fabarius Thore

Cucubalus littoralis Pers.

Cucubalus maritimus Lam.

Oberna glareosa (Jord.) Ikonn.

Oberna thorei (Dufour) Holub

Silene cucbalus megalosperma (Hayek) Rech.f.

Silene glareosa Jord.

Silene inflata prostrata Gaudin

Silene maritima With.

Silene maritima petraea Hartm.

Silene thorei Dufour

Silene vulgaris cratericola Franco

Silene vulgaris glareosa (Jord.) Marsden-Jones & Turrill

Silene vulgaris megalosperma Hayek

Silene vulgaris prostrata (Gaudin) Schinz & Thell.

Silene willdenowii Sweet

Common Name: Sea Campion

No Image.

General Information

Silene uniflora is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a branching woody rootstock. It produces a loose cushion of prostrate, non-flowering stems and ascending flowering stems from 8 - 25cm tall[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for use in commercial cosmetic preparations. It is sometimes gown as an ornamental in gardens, there are many named varieties[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
1548
Title
Flora Iberica
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.floraiberica.es
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Published in book form, the treatments of the various species have also been released on-line in PDF format. Records entered here are all from the on-line PDFs.

Range

Europe - Norway, Sweden and Finland, south through the UK and Poland to Portugal and Greece; Macaronesia - Azores, Madeira.

Habitat

Maritime shingle, cliffs and stony ground, rarely on cliff ledges, gravelly lake shores or by alpine streams inland; at elevations up to 1,000 metres[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.20 m
PollinatorsBees, Moths
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Silene uniflora is a very cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate temperatures down to around -35°c when fully dormant[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Species in this genus generally grow well in a sunny position in a well-drained but moisture-retentive fertile soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Silene uniflora and Silene vulgaris are very closely related species which can be crossed artificially with little loss of fertility. Natural hybrids, however, are rare[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

An extract of the whole plant is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic preparations as a hair conditioner and skin protector[
1243
Title
CosIng
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.
].
An extract of the flowers and leaves is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic preparations as a skin conditioner[
1243
Title
CosIng
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2023-02-03. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Silene+uniflora>

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