Melandrium firmum (Siebold & Zucc.) Rohrb.
Silene aprica firma (Siebold & Zucc.) F.N.Williams
Silene epilosa W.W.Sm.
Melandrium apricum firmum (Siebold & Zucc.) Rohrb.
Melandrium apricum pubescens Makino
Common Name: Catchfly
Silene firma is an annual to biennial plant with an erect stem that can be unbranched or sparsely branched; it can grow 50 - 100cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine.
E. Asia - Russian Far East, China, Japan, Korea
Pebbly river banks, sandy and pebbly shores and shrub thickets[
]. Mountain grassland and scrub throughout China; at elevations from 300 - 2,500 metres[
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Species in this genus generally grow well in a sunny position in a well-drained but moisture-retentive fertile soil[
Young plant - cooked[
The leaves and stems contain several medically active constituents including saponins and flavonoids[
]. They have been shown to promote the production of drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver[
The plant is said to be contraceptive, emmenagogue and galactogogue[
]. It is used in Korea in the treatment of gonorrhoea, to stimulate the milk and the menstrual flow, and also as a contraceptive[
An extract of the branches, fruits and leaves is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic preparations as a skin conditioner[
Seed - sow spring in situ. It is quite likely that an early autumn sowing will overwinter successfully to produce a larger plant in the spring and summer[