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Useful Temperate Plants

Securigera varia

(L.) Lassen

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Coronilla varia L.

Coronilla haussknechtii Boiss.

Coronilla hirta Boiss.

Common Name: Crown Vetch

No Image.

General Information

Securigera varia is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a deep, multi-branched taproot and spreading by means of vigorous, fleshy rhizomes. It produces a cluster of decumbent to ascending, branching stems 30 - 150cm long[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].
The plant is often used as a ground cover, soil stabilizer and also in soil reclamation projects. Although potentially toxic, it is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental, there are some named varieties.
The plant can easily become a weed. It is a weed of cultivated crops within its native range and has escaped from cultivation to become a weed in various other areas, including Australia, Canada and the USA[
1145
Title
AgroAtlas
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database of economic plants of Russia and the surrounding countries that formed the USSR, giving botanical descriptions, distribution, habitats and uses. It also gives comprehensive information on climate, soil, pests, diseases etc
].

Known Hazards

The whole plant contains a toxic glycoside called coronillin[
9
Title
Edible and Medicinal Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Launert. E.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1981
ISBN
0-600-37216-2
Description
Covers plants in Europe. a drawing of each plant, quite a bit of interesting information.
,
13
Title
Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Triska. Dr.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1975
ISBN
0-600-33545-3
Description
Very interesting reading, giving some details of plant uses and quite a lot of folk-lore.
,
19
Title
Poisonous Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Stary. F.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1983
ISBN
0-600-35666-3
Description
Not very comprehensive, but easy reading.
,
65
Title
A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Frohne. D. and Pfänder. J.
Publisher
Wolfe
Year
1984
ISBN
0723408394
Description
Brilliant. Goes into technical details but in a very readable way. The best work on the subject that I've come across so far.
]. It is one of the most toxic plants growing in Britain[
9
Title
Edible and Medicinal Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Launert. E.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1981
ISBN
0-600-37216-2
Description
Covers plants in Europe. a drawing of each plant, quite a bit of interesting information.
].
The plant contains beta-nitropropionic acid, a potent neurotoxin. When ingested in any but small amounts it can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, slow pulse and death[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].
Ruminants can eat the plant without problems but, for non-ruminants, it can prove harmful if it comprises more than 5% of the diet[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Eurasia - western Russia to Spain, east to southwestern Siberia, Turkmenistan, Iran

Habitat

Dry grassy places, railway embankments, roadsides etc[
9
Title
Edible and Medicinal Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Launert. E.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1981
ISBN
0-600-37216-2
Description
Covers plants in Europe. a drawing of each plant, quite a bit of interesting information.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.50 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Securigera varia is a plant of the temperate zone, where it is found at elevations up to 900 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 15 - 28°c, but can tolerate 10 - 40°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -5°c, but young growth is more tender and can be severely damaged at -1°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 600 - 800mm, but tolerates 300 - 1,000mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Prefers a sunny position, but tolerant of light shade[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Grows best in an open, well-drained, fertile calcareous soil[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
,
13
Title
Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Triska. Dr.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1975
ISBN
0-600-33545-3
Description
Very interesting reading, giving some details of plant uses and quite a lot of folk-lore.
,
111
Title
Popular Hardy Perennials.
Publication
 
Author
Sanders. T. W.
Publisher
Collingridge
Year
1926
ISBN
-
Description
A fairly wide range of perennial plants that can be grown in Britain and how to grow them.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Tolerates poor soils and slightly saline conditions[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7, but tolerates 5 - 8[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
A food plant for the caterpillars of many lepidoptera species[
30
Title
Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe.
Publication
 
Author
Carter D.
Publisher
Pan
Year
1982
ISBN
0-330-26642-x
Description
An excellent book on Lepidoptera, it also lists their favourite food plants.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The whole plant, used either fresh or dried is a cardiotonic and diuretic[
9
Title
Edible and Medicinal Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Launert. E.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1981
ISBN
0-600-37216-2
Description
Covers plants in Europe. a drawing of each plant, quite a bit of interesting information.
,
13
Title
Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Triska. Dr.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1975
ISBN
0-600-33545-3
Description
Very interesting reading, giving some details of plant uses and quite a lot of folk-lore.
,
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
]. It is used in the treatment of prostrate diseases[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].
The crushed plant has been rubbed on rheumatic joints and cramps[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

A decoction of the bark has been used as an emetic[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

The plant contains several medicinally active compounds including coumarins and cardiac glycosides in the seeds, flavonoids in various parts of the plant and an essential oil[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].
Aerial parts of the plant have shown antibacterial activity against several species of bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
]
The plant should be used with extreme caution, see the notes above on toxicity[
9
Title
Edible and Medicinal Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Launert. E.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1981
ISBN
0-600-37216-2
Description
Covers plants in Europe. a drawing of each plant, quite a bit of interesting information.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

A good ground cover and soil stabilizer for sunny banks and slopes[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
208
Title
Plants for Ground Cover
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
J. M. Dent & Sons
Year
1990
ISBN
0-460-12609-1
Description
An excellent detailled book on the subject, very comprehensive.
]. It grows rampantly and should not be grown with plants less than 1.8 metres tall[
208
Title
Plants for Ground Cover
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
J. M. Dent & Sons
Year
1990
ISBN
0-460-12609-1
Description
An excellent detailled book on the subject, very comprehensive.
].
The plant fixes atmospheric nitrogen and can be grown on poor and dry soils - it has been used in reclamation projects for land disturbed by mining and other activities[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The flowers are a good source of nectar for bees[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Other Uses

The plant can be used as an insecticide[
153
Title
Economic Native Plants of New Zealand.
Publication
 
Author
Brooker. S. G., Cambie. R. C. and Cooper. R. C.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1991
ISBN
0-19-558229-2
Description
An interesting and readable book on the useful plants of New Zealand.
].
A group of 3-nitropropanoyl-D-glucopyranoses isolated from active fractions of the root have been shown to be toxic when administered orally to the scarab beetle Costelytra zealandica. This New Zealand endemic, commonly known as grass grub, is a prevalent pasture pest[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe. The seed usually germinates in the autumn. Stored seed can be pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in situ in mid spring[
111
Title
Popular Hardy Perennials.
Publication
 
Author
Sanders. T. W.
Publisher
Collingridge
Year
1926
ISBN
-
Description
A fairly wide range of perennial plants that can be grown in Britain and how to grow them.
]. Germination is best at 15 - 25°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Cuttings of half-ripe shoots with a heel, early summer/July in a frame. Can also be taken in spring[
111
Title
Popular Hardy Perennials.
Publication
 
Author
Sanders. T. W.
Publisher
Collingridge
Year
1926
ISBN
-
Description
A fairly wide range of perennial plants that can be grown in Britain and how to grow them.
].
Division in early spring[
111
Title
Popular Hardy Perennials.
Publication
 
Author
Sanders. T. W.
Publisher
Collingridge
Year
1926
ISBN
-
Description
A fairly wide range of perennial plants that can be grown in Britain and how to grow them.
]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2021-06-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Securigera+varia>

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