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Useful Temperate Plants

Roscoea purpurea

Sm.

Zingiberaceae

+ Synonyms

Roscoea procera Wall.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Roscoea purpurea is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing a cluster of srems up to 30cm tall from a tuberous rootstock[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is an important medicinal herb in Ayurveda, where it is one of a group of eight plants, known collectively as 'Astavarga', that are valued for their tonic and rejuvenative properties. It is extensively harvested from the wild for local use and also for trade. The plant is also often grown as an ornamental.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - Himalayas of Nepal and northwestern India

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.25 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Roscoea purpurea is a surprisingly hardy plant for a member of the ginger family and is able to withstand temperatures falling as low as -20°c when it is dormant in the winter - though it needs to be planted at least 15cm below soil level and given a protective mulch. The young growth in spring, however, can be damaged by late frosts[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Grows best when given a position in partial shade on a sheltered peat bank or in a woodland garden, preferring a rich but well-drained acid, peaty loam[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Plants are intolerant of drought and might need supplementary watering during dry periods when in growth, especially in the spring and early summer[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is often grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its showy flowers in the summer[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Rhizomes - cooked[
1307
Title
Assessment of Nutritional and Antioxidant Potential of Selected Vitality Strengthening Himalayan Medicinal Plants
Publication
International Journal of Food Properties, 17:703-712, 2014
Author
Sandeep Rawat, Harish Andola, Lalit Giri, Praveen Dhyani, Ar
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
1094-2912
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The following report was for Roscoea procera, which is now treated as a synonym of Roscoea purpurea.

Roscoea purpurea is one of a group of eight plants, known collectively as 'Astavarga' in India, whose underground parts are seen in Ayurveda as general tonics that can strengthen the vital force in the body, improve cell regeneration capacity and boost the immune system. They can each be used on their own, and they are also used in the preparation of different types of rejuvenating tonics in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. One of the most important of these is 'Chyavanprash', a polyherbal formulation comprising more than 50 different plant ingredients, which is widely used in India as a general tonic, energy booster, immune system strengthener and aphrodisiac[
1306
Title
Rare and Endangered Medicinal Orchids of Asthavarga Group in Attaranchal - Habenaria intermedia (Virdhii) and Habena
Publication
MFP News, Vol XII, No. 4; 2002
Author
Manmohan Jagatram Dobriyal
Publisher
 
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1307
Title
Assessment of Nutritional and Antioxidant Potential of Selected Vitality Strengthening Himalayan Medicinal Plants
Publication
International Journal of Food Properties, 17:703-712, 2014
Author
Sandeep Rawat, Harish Andola, Lalit Giri, Praveen Dhyani, Ar
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
1094-2912
Description
 
].

The rhizomes are used as a tonic in the treatment of conditions such as impotency, diabetes, leucorrhoea, diarrhoea, dysentery and malaria[
1307
Title
Assessment of Nutritional and Antioxidant Potential of Selected Vitality Strengthening Himalayan Medicinal Plants
Publication
International Journal of Food Properties, 17:703-712, 2014
Author
Sandeep Rawat, Harish Andola, Lalit Giri, Praveen Dhyani, Ar
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
1094-2912
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Division in the spring as the plant comes into growth[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2021-07-26. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Roscoea+purpurea>

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