This species has sometimes been treated as a var of Rosa pendulina L. (as Rosa pendulina oxyodon (Boiss.) Rehder).
Rosa haematodes Boiss.
Rosa oplisthes Boiss.
Rosa pendulina oxyodon (Boiss.) Rehder
Rosa svanetica Sommier & Levier
Rosa oxyodon is a prickly, deciduous shrub of suckering habit; it usually grows around 60 - 120cm tall, though can occasionally reach 3 metres and is sometimes very dwarf[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use of its fruits. It has been cultivated on fairly large areas in parts of Europe for its edible fruits[
There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.
Eurasia - the Caucasus, ?Turkey
Forest edges, mountain slopes at elevations from 1,000 - 2,000 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Rosa oxyodon is a moderately cold-hardy plant, being able to tolerate temperatures down to around -30°c when fully dormant[
Most Rosa species require a sunny position if they are to flourish and flower well. They prefer a circumneutral pH, succeeding in a range of soil texturess so long as they are moist but well-drained[
Rose species will often hybridize freely with other members of the genus[
Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. The ovoid, pyriform or urceolate fruit is around 10 - 15mm in diameter[
]. Some care has to be taken when eating this fruit, see the notes above on known hazards.
Although we have no more specific information, this species belongs to a section of the genus where the fruits of all the species so far tested have been a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds[
The seed of roses is generally a good source of vitamin E, it can be ground into a powder and mixed with flour or added to other foods as a supplement[
]. Be sure to remove the seed hairs[
The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[
Rose species in general grow well with alliums, parsley, mignonette and lupins[
]. Garlic planted nearby can help protect the plant from disease and insect predation[
]. Roses often grow badly with boxwood[
Seed. Rose seed often takes two years to germinate. This is because it may need a warm spell of weather after a cold spell in order to mature the embryo and reduce the seedcoat[
]. One possible way to reduce this time is to scarify the seed and then place it for 2 - 3 weeks in damp peat at a temperature of 27 - 32°c (by which time the seed should have imbibed). It is then kept at 3°c for the next 4 months by which time it should be starting to germinate[
]. Alternatively, it is possible that seed harvested 'green' (when it is fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and sown immediately will germinate in the late winter. This method has not as yet(1988) been fully tested[
]. Seed sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame sometimes germinates in spring though it may take 18 months. Stored seed can be sown as early in the year as possible and stratified for 6 weeks at 5°c[
]. It may take 2 years to germinate[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Plant out in the summer if the plants are more than 25cm tall, otherwise grow on in a cold frame for the winter and plant out in late spring.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July in a shaded frame. Overwinter the plants in the frame and plant out in late spring[
]. High percentage[
Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth. Select pencil thick shoots in early autumn that are about 20 - 25cm long and plant them in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[
]. The cuttings can take 12 months to establish but a high percentage of them normally succeed[
Division of suckers in the dormant season. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions.
Layering. Takes 12 months[