Prunella aequinoctialis Kunth
Prunella algeriensis de Noé
Prunella alpina Schur
Prunella angustifolia Wender.
Prunella asiatica Nakai
Prunella australasica Moric. ex Buch.-Ham.
Prunella australis Sweet
Prunella browniana Penny ex G.Don
Prunella caerulea Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.
Prunella canadensis Mill.
Prunella capitellata Beck
Prunella caroliniana Mill.
Prunella cinerea Raf.
Prunella cordata Raf.
Prunella dissecta Wender.
Prunella elongata Douglas ex Benth.
Prunella fischeriana Buch.-Ham.
Prunella gracillicaulia A.P.Khokhr.
Prunella heterophyla Raf.
Prunella hirsuta Wender.
Prunella hirta Bernh. ex Steud.
Prunella hispida Benth.
Prunella incisa Link
Prunella japonica Makino
Prunella laciniata Walter
Prunella latifolia Donn
Prunella longifólia Pers.
Prunella mariquitensis Willd. ex Benth.
Prunella microphylla Raf.
Prunella novae-angliae Mill.
Prunella obtusifolia Raf.
Prunella officinalis Crantz
Prunella ovata Pers.
Prunella parviflora Gilib.
Prunella pennsylvanica lanceolata W.P.C.Barton
Prunella pennsylvanica ovata W.P.C.Barton
Prunella petiolaris Raf.
Prunella pratensis Schur
Prunella purpurea Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.
Prunella reptans Dumort.
Prunella reticulate Raf.
Prunella rosea Raf.
Prunella scaberrima Anon.
Prunella sessilifolia Raf.
Prunella stolonifera H.Lév. & Giraudias
Common Name: Self-Heal
Prunella vulgaris is a herbaceous perennial plant that can grow up to 15cm tall
The plant is harvested from the wild for use as a medicine and food. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental, where it can be used as a ground cover.
Widespread through the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, though absent from the most northerly regions, and extending south to the subtropics
Waste ground, grassland, woodland edges etc, usually on basic and neutral soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Thrives in any damp soil[
], in full sun or in light shade[
Plants are apt to become troublesome weeds in turf that is at all damp[
]. Self heal is a good plant for growing in the spring meadow[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. They can be used in salads, soups, stews etc[
]. Somewhat bitter due to the presence of tannin in the leaves, though this can be removed by washing the leaves[
A cold water infusion of the freshly chopped or dried and powdered leaves is used as a refreshing beverage[
]. Very tasty[
Self heal has a long history of folk use, especially in the treatment of wounds, ulcers, sores etc[
]. It was also taken internally as a tea in the treatment of fevers, diarrhoea, sore mouth, internal bleeding etc[
]. In Korea it is used to treat oedema, nephritis, scrofula and goitre[
The whole plant is alterative, antibacterial, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, febrifuge, hypotensive, stomachic, styptic, tonic, vermifuge and vulnerary[
]. A decoction is used in the treatment of conditions such as mastitis, scrofula, goitre, ophthalmalgia, metritis, hypertension, neurodermatitis, hepatitis, furunculosis, impetigo, eczema, oliguria and leucorrhoea[
A poultice of the pounded fresh plant is used to help wounds to heal[
The plant can be used fresh or dried, for drying it is best harvested in mid-summer[
The plant is experimentally antibiotic and hypotensive[
The plant has been shown to have an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of bacteria such as Pseudomonas, Bacillus typhi, Escherichia coli, Mycobacterium tuberculi etc[
The plant is a good ground-cover in sunny positions or light shade[
An olive-green dye is obtained from the flowers and stems[
Seed - sow in mid spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.
If you have sufficient seed then it can be sown outdoors in situ in mid to late spring.
Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.