The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Populus simonii is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 30.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
E. Asia - N. China.
River valleys, by streams etc, often in sandy soils[
]. Mountains, plains, alluvial deposits and valleys from near sea level to 3000 metres[
An easily grown plant, it does well in a heavy cold damp soil[
]. Prefers a deep rich well-drained circumneutral soil, growing best in the south and east of Britain[
]. Growth is much less on wet soils, on poor acid soils and on thin dry soils[
]. It does not do well in exposed upland sites[
]. It dislikes shade and is intolerant of root or branch competition[
Plants are susceptible to bacterial canker[
The leaf buds, as they swell in the spring, and the young leaves have a pleasing fragrance of balsam[
]. The fragrance is especially pronounced as the leaves unfold[
This species is often planted for timber in central Europe and occasionally elsewhere in Europe[
Poplars have very extensive and aggressive root systems that can invade and damage drainage systems. Especially when grown on clay soils, they should not be planted within 12 metres of buildings since the root system can damage the building's foundations by drying out the soil[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.
Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[
Young leaves - cooked[
Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the bark of most, if not all members of the genus contain salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid (aspirin) in the body[
]. The bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. It is used especially in treating rheumatism and fevers, and also to relieve the pain of menstrual cramps[
An extract of the shoots can be used as a rooting hormone for all types of cuttings. It is extracted by soaking the chopped up shoots in cold water for a day[
Wood - soft, rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, very resistant to abrasion[
Seed - must be sown as soon as it is ripe in spring[
]. Poplar seed has an extremely short period of viability and needs to be sown within a few days of ripening[
]. Surface sow or just lightly cover the seed in trays in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the old frame. If sufficient growth is made, it might be possible to plant them out in late summer into their permanent positions, otherwise keep them in the cold frame until the following late spring and then plant them out. Most poplar species hybridize freely with each other, so the seed may not come true unless it is collected from the wild in areas with no other poplar species growing[
Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 20 - 40cm long, late autumn in a sheltered outdoor bed or direct into their permanent positions. Very easy.
Suckers in early spring[