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Useful Temperate Plants

Peniocereus striatus

(Brandegee) Buxb.

Cactaceae

+ Synonyms

Cereus diguetii F.A.C.Weber

Cereus striatus Brandegee

Neoevansia diguetii (F.A.C.Weber) W.T.Marshall

Neoevansia striata (Brandegee) Sánchez-Mej.

Peniocereus diguetii (F.A.C.Weber) Backeb.

Wilcoxia diguetii (F.A.C.Weber) Peebles

Wilcoxia striata (Brandegee) Britton & Rose

Common Name: Gearstem Cactus

No Image.

General Information

Peniocereus striatus is a spiny, succulent, shrubby, vine-like cactus growing from a cluster of roots, each ending in tubers 30 - 40cm long. The plant produces numerous erect to sub-erect, very slender, branching stems up to 150cm tall[
1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..
,
1991
Title
Ajo Peak to Tinajas Altas: A flora in southwestern Arizona. Part 7. Eudicots: Cactaceae - Cactus Family
Publication
Phytoneuron 2014-69: 1-95
Author
Felger R.S. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2153 733X
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine.
Peniocereus striatus has declined markedly in parts of its range and there it is highly threatened. However, given the
current state of understanding, this decline is not mirrored across Baja California, where populations are much more stable. Hence, on a global level the plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2017)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..

Range

Southwest N. America - suthern Arizona, northwest Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora and Sinaloa)

Habitat

Coastal thorn-scrub and desert scrub, growing beneath trees and shrubs in flats and on hills; at elevations up to 400 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height1.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Peniocereus striatus is native to arid and semi-arid regions of southwestern N. America. In one study of a wild population in Arizona, around 19% of the population had their top growth killed when the temperature at the site dropped to -13.7°c. More than half of these plants had re-sprouted from the base or had new branches growing from the desiccated stems by the following summer[
1991
Title
Ajo Peak to Tinajas Altas: A flora in southwestern Arizona. Part 7. Eudicots: Cactaceae - Cactus Family
Publication
Phytoneuron 2014-69: 1-95
Author
Felger R.S. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2153 733X
Description
 
]..
In cultivation, Cactus plants generally will not succeed in moist climates. They usually require a sunny position in a well-drained, circumneutral soil and to be kept more or less dry in the dormant season[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The pyriform fruit is 30 - 40mm. long, scarlet, spiny, the spines deciduous[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Fruits about 5cm long, ovoid, the ripe pulp red, juicy, sweet and edible, the rind red when ripe[
1991
Title
Ajo Peak to Tinajas Altas: A flora in southwestern Arizona. Part 7. Eudicots: Cactaceae - Cactus Family
Publication
Phytoneuron 2014-69: 1-95
Author
Felger R.S. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2153 733X
Description
 
].

Root[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Each plant may produce a dozen or more potato-like tuberous roots strung on clusters of slender connecting roots, though plants in southwestern Sonora sometimes have up to 70 or more tuberous roots[
1991
Title
Ajo Peak to Tinajas Altas: A flora in southwestern Arizona. Part 7. Eudicots: Cactaceae - Cactus Family
Publication
Phytoneuron 2014-69: 1-95
Author
Felger R.S. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2153 733X
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The tuber is ground and heated then used as a poultice to reduce swellings as well as to help harden the fontanel of a
baby's skull[
1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..
]..
A cloth saturated with the juice of the crushed roots is sometimes applied to the chest to relieve inflammation of the lungs[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2023-02-05. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Peniocereus+striatus>

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