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Useful Temperate Plants

Onosma setosa

Ledeb.

Boraginaceae

+ Synonyms

Onosma armeniaca Klokov

Onosma caspium Gruner

Onosma hispida Steven

Onosma iberica Fisch. ex Ledeb.

Onosma strigosa Steven ex Boiss

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Onosma setosa is a biennial to perennial plant producing a clump of one to several, much-branched stems and growing around 30 - 60cm tall[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Europe - Ukraine, southeast Russia; Asia - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, western China (Xinjiang)

Habitat

Stony and clayey semi-deserts[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Steppes, stony slopes[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitBiennial/Perennial
Height0.45 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Onosma setosa is native to semi-arid regions of the temperate zone and does not grow well in moister climates. It is a very cold-tolerant plant, however, and when fully dormant it can withstand temperatures down to about 20°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Species in this genus generally require a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
,
187
Title
Perennials. Volumes 1 and 2.
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books
Year
1991
ISBN
0-330-30936-9
Description
Photographs of over 3,000 species and cultivars of ornamental plants together with brief cultivation notes, details of habitat etc.
]. Prefers a deep rather rich sandy loam[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. Tolerates hot dry conditions and also drought once it is established, but dislikes moist climates at any time of the year[
190
Title
The Dry Garden.
Publication
 
Author
Chatto. B.
Publisher
Dent
Year
1982
ISBN
0460045512
Description
A good list of drought resistant plants with details on how to grow them.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Species in this genus tend to grow well in crevices in a rock garden or on a wall[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
,
187
Title
Perennials. Volumes 1 and 2.
Publication
 
Author
Phillips. R. & Rix. M.
Publisher
Pan Books
Year
1991
ISBN
0-330-30936-9
Description
Photographs of over 3,000 species and cultivars of ornamental plants together with brief cultivation notes, details of habitat etc.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Species in the genus Onosma L. generally have been shown to contain several medically-active compounds including alkannin and shikonin, flavonoids, ferulic and vanillic acids. A study has shown that these phytochemicals have significant anti-inflammatory and anti-pain activity and that they are also ikely to be responsible for the wound healing and antibacterial actions[
2026
Title
Onosma L.: A review of phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology
Publication
Pharmacognosy Reviews, July-December 2013, Vol 7, Issue 14, pp140-151
Author
Kumar N,. Kumar R. & Kishore K.
Website
http://10.4103/0973-7847.120513
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].


The plant (most likely the root) is used to treat wounds, burns, dyspnea, hoarseness, haemorrhoids, abdominal aches, stomach ulcers and gynaecological problems[
2026
Title
Onosma L.: A review of phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology
Publication
Pharmacognosy Reviews, July-December 2013, Vol 7, Issue 14, pp140-151
Author
Kumar N,. Kumar R. & Kishore K.
Website
http://10.4103/0973-7847.120513
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. (As Onosma armeniaca)

The plant has been shown to possess antiulcer and antioxidative properties[
2026
Title
Onosma L.: A review of phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology
Publication
Pharmacognosy Reviews, July-December 2013, Vol 7, Issue 14, pp140-151
Author
Kumar N,. Kumar R. & Kishore K.
Website
http://10.4103/0973-7847.120513
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - we have no information on this species but suggest sowing the seed in a greenhouse in early spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out in early summer.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-11-26. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Onosma+setosa>

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