The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Common Name: Wood Millet
Milium effusum is a Evergreen Perennial up to 1.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials.
Europe, including Britain but excluding the Mediterranean, east to Siberia and the Himalayas..
Damp shady woods, especially oak and beech[
], on heavy humus rich lime soils[
Requires a fertile moist but well-drained soil[
] in a shady position[
]. Succeeds in dry shade, tolerating drought when established[
Plants are hardy to about -20°c[
Plants are tufted with a short rootstock and are short-lived[
]. They often self-sow[
At least one named form has been selected for its ornamental value[
Seed - cooked. Ground into a powder and used as a flour for making bread[
Leaves (straw) are used for weaving hats etc[
Plants have a running root system and can be used for ground cover. They should be mown 2 - 3 times in their first 2 - 3 years in order to encourage thick growth[
]. Plants should be spaced about 30cm apart each way[
Seed - sow spring in situ[
Division in spring. Very easy, large divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.