Calamintha arvensis (L.) Garsault
Mentha agrestis Hegetschw.
Mentha agrestis Sole
Mentha agrestris Sole
Mentha albae-carolinae Heinr.Braun
Mentha alberti Sennen
Mentha allionii Boreau
Mentha angustifolia Schreb.
Mentha anomala Hérib.
Mentha approximata (Wirtg.) Strail
Mentha arenaria Topitz
Mentha arguta Opiz
Mentha argutissima Borbás & Heinr.Braun
Mentha atrovirens Host
Mentha austriaca Jacq.
Mentha badensis C.C.Gmel.
Mentha badensis J.Fellm. ex Ledeb.
Mentha baguetiana Strail
Mentha barbata Opiz ex Déségl.
Mentha bracteolata Opiz ex Déségl.
Mentha campestris Schur
Mentha campicola Heinr.Braun
Mentha collina Topitz
Mentha cuneifolia (Lej.) Domin
Mentha deflexa Dumort.
Mentha densiflora Opiz
Mentha densifoliata Strail
Mentha diffusa Lej.
Mentha dissitiflora Sennen
Mentha divaricata Host
Mentha divergens Topitz
Mentha dubia Schleich. ex Suter
Mentha duffourii Sennen
Mentha duftschmidii (Topitz) Trautm.
Mentha duftschmidii Topitz
Mentha ehrhartiana Lej. & Courtois
Mentha exigua Lucé
Mentha flagellifera Schur
Mentha flexuosa Strail
Mentha florida Tausch ex Heinr.Braun
Mentha fochii Sennen
Mentha fontana Weihe ex Strail
Mentha fontqueri Sennen
Mentha fossicola Heinr.Braun
Mentha gallica (Topitz) Domin
Mentha gentiliformis Strail
Mentha gentilis Georgi
Mentha gracilescens Opiz ex Strail
Mentha graveolens Opiz
Mentha hillebrandtii Ortmann ex Malinv.
Mentha hostii Boreau
Mentha intermedia Nees ex Bluff & Fingerh.
Mentha joffrei Sennen
Mentha kitaibeliana Heinr.Braun ex Haring
Mentha lamiifolia Host
Mentha lanceolata Benth.
Mentha lapponica Wahlenb.
Mentha lata Opiz ex Déségl.
Mentha latifolia Host
Mentha latissima Schur
Mentha laxa Host
Mentha longibracteata Heinr.Braun
Mentha maculata Host
Mentha melissifolia Host
Mentha minor Opiz ex Déségl.
Mentha moenchii Pérard
Mentha mosana Lej. & Courtois
Mentha multiflora Host
Mentha mutabilis (Topitz) Domin
Mentha nemorosa Host
Mentha nemorum Boreau
Mentha nobilis Weihe ex Fingerh.
Mentha nummularia Schreb.
Mentha obtusata Opiz
Mentha obtusodentata (Topitz) Domin
Mentha ocymoides Host
Mentha odorata Opiz ex Déségl.
Mentha origanifolia Host
Mentha ovata Schur
Mentha palitzensis Topitz
Mentha paludosa Nees ex Bluff & Fingerh.
Mentha palustris Moench
Mentha parvifolia Opiz
Mentha parvula Topitz
Mentha pascuorum (Topitz) Trautm.
Mentha pastoris Sennen
Mentha piersiana Borbás
Mentha pilosa Spreng. ex Wallr.
Mentha pilosella Pérard
Mentha plagensis Topitz
Mentha plicata Opiz
Mentha polymorpha Host
Mentha praeclara Topitz
Mentha praecox Sole
Mentha praticola Opiz
Mentha procumbens Thuill.
Mentha prostrata Host
Mentha pulchella Host
Mentha pulegiformis Heinr.Braun
Mentha pumila Host
Mentha rigida Strail
Mentha rothii Nees ex Bluff & Fingerh.
Mentha rotundata Opiz
Mentha ruderalis Topitz
Mentha salebrosa Boreau
Mentha sativa Roxb.
Mentha schreberi Pérard
Mentha scrophulariifolia Lej. & Courtois
Mentha segetalis Opiz
Mentha silvicola Heinr.Braun
Mentha simplex Host
Mentha slichoviensis Opiz
Mentha sparsiflora Heinr.Braun
Mentha subcollina Topitz
Mentha subcordata Colla ex Lamotte
Mentha subfontanea Topitz
Mentha subinodora Schur
Mentha sylvatica Host
Mentha tenuicaulis Strail
Mentha tenuifolia Host
Mentha thayana Heinr.Braun
Mentha uliginosa Strail
Mentha vanhaesendonckii Strail
Mentha varians Host
Mentha verisimilis Strail
Mentha villosa Becker
Mentha viridula Host
Common Name: Corn Mint
Mentha arvensis is an erect to ascending, herbaceous perennial plant growing from a spreading, rhizomatous rootstock. The plant can grow from 10 - 60cm tall, occasionally to 100cm, forming a loose cluster of branched stems[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, large quantities of some members of this genus, especially when taken in the form of the extracted essential oil, can cause abortions so some caution is advised.
Throughout most of temperate Eurasia, including the Himalayas but excluding Mongolia, China, Japan and Korea
Arable land, heaths, damp edges of woods[
]. Fields, meadows, shores of ponds, rivers, lakes, canals and irrigation ditches, swampy places, boggy shady woods, mainly in the forest zone[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Bees, Lepidoptera, Insects
Mentha arvensis is a very cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate temperatures down to around -30°c when fully dormant[
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils and situations so long as the soil is not too dry[
]. This species tolerates much drier conditions than other members of the genus[
]. Prefers a slightly acid soil[
]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. A sunny position is best for production of essential oils, but it also succeeds in partial shade.
Plants are hardy to at least -15°c[
Mentha species are very prone to hybridisation and so the seed cannot be relied on to breed true. Even without hybridisation, seedlings will often not be uniform and so the content of medicinal oils etc will vary. When growing plants with a particular aroma it is best to propagate them by division[
Most mints have fairly aggressive spreading roots and, unless you have the space to let them roam, they need to be restrained by some means such as planting them in containers that are buried in the soil[
Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus.
A polymorphic species, as is evident from the long list of synonyms attributed to it[
The whole plant has a strong smell of mint, described as 'strong and almost oppressive' in some reports[
] and as being 'not pungent' in others[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
Leaves - raw or cooked. A reasonably strong minty flavour with a slight bitterness, they are used as a flavouring in salads or cooked foods[
A herb tea is made from the fresh or dried leaves[
An essential oil from the plant is used as a flavouring in sweets and beverages[
]. The leaves contain about 0.2% essential oil[
Corn mint, like many other members of this genus, is often used as a domestic herbal remedy, being valued especially for its antiseptic properties and its beneficial effect on the digestion. Like other members of the genus, it is best not used by pregnant women because large doses can cause an abortion.
The whole plant is anaesthetic, antiphlogistic, antispasmodic, antiseptic, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, galactofuge, refrigerant, stimulant and stomachic[
]. A tea made from the leaves has traditionally been used in the treatment of fevers, headaches, digestive disorders and various minor ailments[
]. The leaves are a classical remedy for stomach cancer[
]. Another report says that this species is not very valuable medicinally[
The leaves are harvested as the plant comes into flower and can be dried for later use[
The essential oil in the leaves is antiseptic, though it is toxic in large doses[
Mint species are usually good bee and butterfly attractant plants, supplying them with good quality pollen and nectar[
Mints are usually quite aromatic plants and they make good companions for cabbages and tomatoes, their aromatic nature helping to repel insect pests..
The plant is used as an insect repellent[
]. Rats and mice intensely dislike the smell of mint. The plant was therefore used in homes as a strewing herb and has also been spread in granaries to keep the rodents off the grain[
]. The leaves also repel various insects[
An essential oil is obtained from the plant[
]. The yield from the leaves is about 0.8%[
]. The sub-species M. arvensis piperascens produces the best oil, which can be used as a substitute for, or adulterant of, peppermint oil[
]. Yields of up to 1.6% have been obtained from some forms[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Germination is usually fairly quick. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer. Mentha species are very prone to hybridisation and so the seed cannot be relied on to breed true. Even without hybridisation, seedlings will not be uniform and so the content of medicinal oils etc will vary. When growing plants with a particular aroma it is best to propagate them by division[
Division can be easily carried out at almost any time of the year, though it is probably best done in the spring or autumn to allow the plant to establish more quickly. Virtually any part of the root is capable of growing into a new plant. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. However, for maximum increase it is possible to divide the roots up into sections no more than 3cm long and pot these up in light shade in a cold frame. They will quickly become established and can be planted out in the summer.