The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Common Name: Lily Tree
Magnolia denudata is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 10.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
E. Asia - E. and S. China.
Found in thickets, the trees are often cut down and sprouting from the base[
]. Forests at elevations of 500 - 1000 metres[
Best grown in a warm position in a moderately rich free soil of an open texture[
]. Succeeds in an acid or neutral peaty soil in sun or part shade[
]. Tolerates alkaline soils so long as they are deep and rich in humus[
]. The branches are brittle so a sheltered position is required[
]. Very tolerant of atmospheric pollution[
A very ornamental tree[
], it is hardy to about -20°c when dormant[
] but plants can be excited into early growth by mild winters and the flowers are then liable to be killed by frost[
]. The flowers, which begin to be produced when the plant is quite young, are deliciously scented[
The fleshy roots are easily damaged and any transplanting is best done during a spell of mild moist weather in late spring[
The flowers, after the calyx has been removed, are pickled and used for flavouring rice[
The flower buds and the seeds are carminative and diaphoretic[
The flower buds are antifungal, astringent, cytotoxic, hypotensive and a uterie stimulant[
]. They are used in Korea in the treatment of headaches, nasal obstruction and sinusitis[
]. They are picked in early spring, dried and then used in Chinese medicine to clear the nasal passages[
The plant is anodyne and sedative[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed must be kept cold over the winter and should be sown in late winter in a cold frame[
]. The seed usually germinates in the spring but it can take 18 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. They can be planted out into their permanent positions when they are more than 15cm tall, though should be well mulched and given some protection from winter cold for their first winter or two outdoors.
Layering in early spring[