If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Temperate Plants

Lilium polyphyllum

D.Don

Liliaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Lilium polyphyllum is a herbaceous perennial bulbiferous plant producing a leafy stem around 100cm tall
Used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, this is one of the most important medicinal plants of India. The bulbs are harvested from the wild on a large scale for use as a medicine and are traded at local, national and international markets[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The plant is also an ingredient in commercial cosmetic products[
1243
Title
CosIng
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.
], and is grown as an ornamental.
Lilium polyphyllum bulbs are collected from the wild on a large scale and in an indiscriminate way. This has a severe impact on the plant's natural regeneration. Thus, the population of this species is declining very fast in the natural habitat. The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2015)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Asia - Himalayan regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan and northwestern India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu-Kashmir, Uttaranchal)

Habitat

Found mainly in areas with a north-east aspect, usually with communities of Cedrus deodara; at elevations from 2,200 - 3,200 metres.

Properties

Conservation StatusCritically Endangered
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitBulb
Height1.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Found in the wild mainly in acidic soils with a sandy-silt texture with a forest floor that is rich in humus[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Lilium polyphyllum is one of a group of eight plants, known collectively as 'Astavarga' in India, whose underground parts are seen in Ayurveda as general tonics that can strengthen the vital force in the body, improve cell regeneration capacity and boost the immune system. They can each be used on their own, and they are also used in the preparation of different types of rejuvenating tonics in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. One of the most important of these is 'Chyavanprash', a polyherbal formulation comprising more than 50 different plant ingredients, which is widely used in India as a general tonic, energy booster, immune system strengthener and aphrodisiac[
1306
Title
Rare and Endangered Medicinal Orchids of Asthavarga Group in Attaranchal - Habenaria intermedia (Virdhii) and Habena
Publication
MFP News, Vol XII, No. 4; 2002
Author
Manmohan Jagatram Dobriyal
Publisher
 
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1307
Title
Assessment of Nutritional and Antioxidant Potential of Selected Vitality Strengthening Himalayan Medicinal Plants
Publication
International Journal of Food Properties, 17:703-712, 2014
Author
Sandeep Rawat, Harish Andola, Lalit Giri, Praveen Dhyani, Ar
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
1094-2912
Description
 
].

The bulbs are expectorant, astringent, aphrodisiac and, antipyretic, and are also used to treat general debility[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Research has shown the role of this species in a traditional system of medicine to treat kidney problems and impotency, improve virility, promote strength and disease resistance, and in the treatment of fever, pain and redness of eyes[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
] (Dhyani et al. 2010). The bulb is used in the Ayurveda system of medicine. This species is traded at local, regional and national levels. The bulbs are traded in
the name of "Ksirakakoli".

Other Uses

An extract of the flowers is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic preparations as a skin conditioner[
1243
Title
CosIng
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-03-03. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Lilium+polyphyllum>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.