Echinocactus corynacanthus Scheidw.
Echinocactus galeottii Scheidw.
Echinocactus grusonii Hildm.
Common Name: Golden Barrel
Kroenleinia grusonii is a spiny, evergreen barrel cactus with a solitary, globose to short cylindrical stem 20 - 130cm tall and 40 - 80cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is commonly grown as an ornamental. This species is possibly the most widely propagated of all cacti, and exists in almost all public and private collections as well as in many window planters[
Kroenleinia grusonii is a very sought after species in horticulture and there is a continuing decline in the number of mature individuals in the wild due to illegal collection. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Southern N. America - northeast Mexico (Zacatecas to San Luis Potosí).
Semi-desert matorral, among volcanic rocks or calcareous soil on medium to steep slopes; at elevations from 1,400 - 1,900 metres[
Kroenleinia grusonii is native to semi-arid regions in northern Mexico and requires hot summers and a dry climate if it is to thrive. It can withstand substantial short-lived frosts in its native environment, being known to tolerate occasional temperatures falling as low as -10°c[
In cultivation, Cactus plants generally will not succeed in moist climates. They usually require a sunny position in a well-drained, circumneutral soil and to be kept more or less dry in the dormant season[
Fruit - raw. Consumed as a source of water[