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Useful Temperate Plants

Hypoxis colchicifolia

Baker

Hypoxidaceae

+ Synonyms

Hypoxis distachya Nel

Hypoxis gilgiana Nel

Hypoxis latifolia Hook.

Hypoxis oligotricha Baker

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Hypoxis colchicifolia is a herbaceous perennial plant producing a cluster of 4 - 8 grass-like leaves around 10 - 60cm long and 3 - 11cm wide from a corm-like tuber; it can grow around 25 - 60cm tall[
1928
Title
A Flora of the Eastern Cape Province Volume 1-3
Publication
Strelitzia 41
Author
Bredenkamp C.L.
Publisher
South African National Biodiversity Institute; Pretoria
Year
2019
ISBN
978-1-928224-28-0
Description
 
].
The plant is widely used in traditional medicine in South Africa, where the root is collected from the natural environment on a mass scale[
1923
Title
The genus Hypoxis L. (Hypoxidaceae) in the East Tropical Africa: variability, distribution and conservation status
Publication
Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 14: 1-129, 2009
Author
Wiland-SzymaƄska J.
Website
http://10.2478/v10119-009-0011-5
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The plant is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1928
Title
A Flora of the Eastern Cape Province Volume 1-3
Publication
Strelitzia 41
Author
Bredenkamp C.L.
Publisher
South African National Biodiversity Institute; Pretoria
Year
2019
ISBN
978-1-928224-28-0
Description
 

Range

Southern Africa - eastern S. Africa from Cape Province to KwaZulu-Natal

Habitat

Grass slopes and rocky outcrops, on sand and loamy soils[
1928
Title
A Flora of the Eastern Cape Province Volume 1-3
Publication
Strelitzia 41
Author
Bredenkamp C.L.
Publisher
South African National Biodiversity Institute; Pretoria
Year
2019
ISBN
978-1-928224-28-0
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.40 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Hypoxis species are generally not very cold tolerant plants and most species are badly damaged or killed by even light frosts. The majority of the S. African species come from summer rainfall areas with litle or no winter rain, and most species will usually grow well in a Mediterranean type of climate with little or no frost[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Species in this genus generally require a light, freely draining soil and a position in full sun or light shade[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. This species is often found growing in sandy or nutrient-poor soils in the wild[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
Hypoxis species greatly resent root disturbance, plants should be placed in their permanent positions as soon as possible and left undisturbed for as long as possible[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant often experiences fires in its natural environment. Although top growth is killed, the tuber usually survives and resprouts afterwards[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The corm is used as an emetic and purgative, and also in the treatment of diabetes, cancer and osteoporosis[
1925
Title
Diversity and Conservation Through Cultivation of Hypoxis in Africa - A Case Study of Hypoxis hemerocallidea
Publication
Diversity 2020, 12, 122;
Author
Mofokeng M.M. et al
Website
http://10.3390/d12040122
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Infusions are drunk as a treatment for impotenct, barrenness, hysterical fits and acne[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe[
295
Title
PlantZAfrica.com
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.plantzafrica.com
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants.
].
Division.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-07-23. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Hypoxis+colchicifolia>

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