This species was traditionally placed in the family Hydrophyllaceae. However, research in the early 21st century has recognized its close affinity with the family Boraginaceae and has demoted its rank to a subfamily of the Boraginaceae. We have adopted this treatment here, but some authorities have maintained the family Hydrophyllaceae as distinct and there is some chance that it will be reinstated[
Decemium appendiculatum (Michx.) Brand
Decemium hirtum Raf.
Hydrophyllum hispidum (Raf.) Riddell
Nemophila paniculata Spreng.
Common Name: Waterleaf
Decemium appendiculatum is a biennial to perennial plant that can grow up to 0.35 metres tall
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
Eastern and central N. America - Michigan and Ontario, south to Kansas, Arkansas and Alabama
Requires a damp position[
]. Prefers a little light shade and a sheltered position[
Young shoots - raw[
]. Eaten as a salad in the spring, they are highly prized by all who eat them[
Seed - sow mid spring to early summer in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the autumn.
The seed can also be sown in situ in late spring and thinned to 15cm apart.