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Useful Temperate Plants

Heliopsis helianthoides

(L.) Sweet

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Buphthalmum helianthoides L.

Buphthalmum melissoides Poir.

Heliopsis canescens D.Don

Heliopsis laevis scabra (Dunal) Torr. & A.Gray

Heliopsis scabra Dunal

Kallias dubia Cass.

Common Name: False Sunflower

No Image.

General Information

Heliopsis helianthoides is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from creeping rhizomes; it produces a clump of erect stems around 40 - 200cm tall. Although a perennial, it can be quite short-lived[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The plant has been harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and also has potential for use as an insecticide. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its long period of flowering in the summer. There are some named varieties[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
2016
Title
Taxonomy of the genus Heliopsis (Compositae)
Publication
The Ohio Journal of Science 57(3): 171-191, May, 1957
Author
Fisher T.R.
Publisher
 
Year
1957
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Central and eastern N. America - Saskatchewan to Quebec, south to New Mexico and Texas to Georgia

Habitat

Open woods, prairies, old pastures, edges of fields, meadows, road banks, ditches; at elevations up to 2,300 metres[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Heliopsis helianthoides is a cold-hardy plant, capable of withstanding temperatures falling as low as -30°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
An easy to grow plant, preferring an open position and a well-drained soil that can be on the dry side[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The root has been used in the treatment of lung problems[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. A tea from this plant has been used as a cure for various lung ailments[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
A decoction of the dried root, or the chewed fresh root is placed on limbs as a stimulant[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

A good wildlife plant - insects are attracted to its bright flowers during the summer, whilst birds are attracted to its seed in the autumn[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Other Uses

The whole plant, but especially the roots, contains the isobutylamide 'scabrin', which has been shown to have insecticidal properties, especially towards house flies[
2016
Title
Taxonomy of the genus Heliopsis (Compositae)
Publication
The Ohio Journal of Science 57(3): 171-191, May, 1957
Author
Fisher T.R.
Publisher
 
Year
1957
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2023-02-07. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Heliopsis+helianthoides>

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