Buphthalmum helianthoides L.
Buphthalmum melissoides Poir.
Heliopsis canescens D.Don
Heliopsis laevis scabra (Dunal) Torr. & A.Gray
Heliopsis scabra Dunal
Kallias dubia Cass.
Common Name: False Sunflower
Heliopsis helianthoides is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from creeping rhizomes; it produces a clump of erect stems around 40 - 200cm tall. Although a perennial, it can be quite short-lived[
The plant has been harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and also has potential for use as an insecticide. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its long period of flowering in the summer. There are some named varieties[
Central and eastern N. America - Saskatchewan to Quebec, south to New Mexico and Texas to Georgia
Open woods, prairies, old pastures, edges of fields, meadows, road banks, ditches; at elevations up to 2,300 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Heliopsis helianthoides is a cold-hardy plant, capable of withstanding temperatures falling as low as -30°c[
An easy to grow plant, preferring an open position and a well-drained soil that can be on the dry side[
The root has been used in the treatment of lung problems[
]. A tea from this plant has been used as a cure for various lung ailments[
A decoction of the dried root, or the chewed fresh root is placed on limbs as a stimulant[
A good wildlife plant - insects are attracted to its bright flowers during the summer, whilst birds are attracted to its seed in the autumn[
The whole plant, but especially the roots, contains the isobutylamide 'scabrin', which has been shown to have insecticidal properties, especially towards house flies[