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Useful Temperate Plants

Freycinetia banksii

A.Cunn.

Pandanaceae

+ Synonyms

Freycinetia baueriana banksii (A.Cunn.) B.C.Stone

Freycinetia inclinans R.Br. & Benn

Pandanus inclinans Sol. ex Kunt

Common Name: Kiekie

No Image.

General Information

Freycinetia banksii is a many-branched, evergreen climbing or scrambling shrub with woody stems up to 40mm in diameter; it often forms large, impenetrable masses on the ground, climbing into any nearby trees where it attaches itself by means of aerial roots[
44
Title
Flora of New Zealand.
Publication
 
Author
Allan. H. H.
Website
http://floraseries.landcareresearch.co.nz/pages/Book.aspx?fileName=Flora%201.xml
Publisher
Government Printer, Wellington.
Year
1961
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work, in 5 volumes though only the first two are of interest to the plant project. Very good on habitats. There is also an on-line version.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials. It is highly favoured as a food and source of weaving materials by the Maori[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
]. This may be considered by far the finest native fruit of New Zealand[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

44
Title
Flora of New Zealand.
Publication
 
Author
Allan. H. H.
Website
http://floraseries.landcareresearch.co.nz/pages/Book.aspx?fileName=Flora%201.xml
Publisher
Government Printer, Wellington.
Year
1961
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work, in 5 volumes though only the first two are of interest to the plant project. Very good on habitats. There is also an on-line version.

Range

Northern and eastern New Zealand

Habitat

Rain forests, coastal scrub[
44
Title
Flora of New Zealand.
Publication
 
Author
Allan. H. H.
Website
http://floraseries.landcareresearch.co.nz/pages/Book.aspx?fileName=Flora%201.xml
Publisher
Government Printer, Wellington.
Year
1961
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work, in 5 volumes though only the first two are of interest to the plant project. Very good on habitats. There is also an on-line version.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Freycinetia banksii is found in the subtropical and warm temperate climate of New Zealand, where it succeeds in coastal regions as far south as latitude 42°. It grows best in areas of moderate to high rainfall[
44
Title
Flora of New Zealand.
Publication
 
Author
Allan. H. H.
Website
http://floraseries.landcareresearch.co.nz/pages/Book.aspx?fileName=Flora%201.xml
Publisher
Government Printer, Wellington.
Year
1961
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work, in 5 volumes though only the first two are of interest to the plant project. Very good on habitats. There is also an on-line version.
,
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
].

If the growing tip of a stem is damaged, the stem will resprout and branch from another bud. This makes leaf harvest very easy - simply grasp a bunch of about 20 leaves and wrench them from the tuft. Harvesting leaves using this traditional manner does not harm the plant, and in fact encourages resprouting from the damaged site[
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
].
It is customary to protect the bracts and fruit from rats by tying leaves over the flower spikes[
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
].
A dioecious species - both male and female forms are required if fruit and seed are required[
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
].

Edible Uses

Flower bracts - raw[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
]. The plant bears a flower, the inner leaves (bracts) of which are soft and fleshy, and form a delicious fruit in summer[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
]. The inner leaves (bracts) are very thick, white, fleshy, and sweet, and the whole flower can be eaten[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
]. A highly desirable, traditional food[
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
]. Flowers from male plants produce larger, fleshier bracts[
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
].

In winter the fruit attains a length of nearly 30cm, and a diameter of 8cm, the outer skin is rough and very bitter, but when scraped off it exposes the pulp of the fruit, which when fully ripe is very sweet and of an agreeable flavour[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
,
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The fibrous leaves are used in weaving and plaiting[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
]. Common articles of clothing, war-mats of defence etc were woven from leaves by the Maori[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
]. Strips split from the leaves are boiled, rinsed and dried in the sun, which bleaches them white. They are pliable and easy to work. The leaves also absorb dyes well. Kiekie is often used in the making of fine, soft mats for wharenui and in creating tukutuku panels[
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
].
The plant produces leaves up to 100cm in length, these are spirally arranged in dense tufts at the ends of branches. The two halves of the leaf are separated down the midrib. The whitish ribs are where the strongest fibres lie, and are included in the strips that a weaver prepares for raranga[
1816
Title
Weaving Plants - biology, distribution, and propagation
Publication
Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Author
Scheele S.
Website
https://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/science/plants-animals-fungi/plants/ethnobotany/weaving-plants
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
A series of twelve factsheets on the main traditional plants used by the Maori for weaving into baskets, mats etc. Accessed 20/05/2020.
].

The leaves can be spun into threads, cords, ropes etc[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
].

The aerial roots can be used for lashings in canoe making and for making canoe sails[
292
Title
People Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://peopleplants.landcareresearch.co.nz/WebForms/default.aspx
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database of New Zealand plants and their Maori names and uses. An excellent information source.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-09-30. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Freycinetia+banksii>

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