Fragaria vesca nubicola Hook.f.
Potentilla nubicola (Hook.f.) Mabb.
Common Name: Indian Strawberry
Fragaria nubicola is a herbaceous perennial plant producing a rosette of leaves from a central rootstock; the plant can grow 4 - 25cm tall, spreading freely by means of stolons to form a colony]266].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine.
E. Asia - Himalayas from Afghanistan, Pakistan, western China, northern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar
Open grassland; at elevations from 1,600 - 4,000 metres in Nepal[
]. Meadows on mountain slopes, forests in valleys and forest edge; at elevations from 2,500 - 3,900 metres[
Fragaria nubicola is native to moderate and high elevations (up to 3,900 metres) in the Himalayas, where it will experience cold winters with snow and frost.
Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[
]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced[
During the growing season new plants are produced on runners - prostrate stems emerging from the leaf axils of mature plants. These runners are used as propagation material[
Likes a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[
Fruit - raw[
]. A very pleasant strawberry flavour[
]. The red, globose fruit is around 10mm in diameter[
The juice of the plant is used in the treatment of profuse menstruation[
The unripe fruit is chewed to treat blemishes on the tongue[
Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer.
Division of runners, preferably done in mid summer in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[
]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required, though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.