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Common Name: Queen Of The Prairie
Filipendula rubra is a perennial plant that can grow up to 2.50 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine..
Eastern N. America - Pennsylvania to Georgia, west to Michigan and Iowa.
Moist meadows and bogs[
|Bees, Flies, Beetles, Self
Requires a humus-rich moist soil in semi-shade[
]. Succeeds in full sun only if the soil is reliably moist throughout the growing season[
]. Dislikes dry or acid soils[
]. Does well in marshy soils[
]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants can be grown in quite coarse grass, which can be cut annually in the autumn[
Although the plants are perfectly hardy in Britain, they appreciate the winter protection of bracken or some similar mulch when grown in areas of prolonged frosts[
]. Plants spread fairly freely and form large clumps[
There is at least one named variety, selected for its ornamental value[
The flowers are very attractive to bees[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
The root is rich in tannin, it is used as an astringent in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, bleeding etc[
]. It has also been used in the treatment of various heart complaints[
The plant probably contains salicylic acid, the chemical forerunner of aspirin[
]. This is anti-inflammatory and analgesic[
Seed - best sown in the autumn in a cold frame[
]. The seed can also be sown in a cold frame in spring, germinating best at a temperature of 10 - 13°c[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer if they have grown enough. If not, keep them in a cold frame for the winter and plant them out in late spring.
Division in autumn or winter[
]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.