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Common Name: Musk Root
Ferula moschata is a perennial plant that can grow up to 2.50 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials..
W. Asia - Turkestan to Tibet.
Mountains of Samarkand at heights of 900 to 1300 metres[
]. Gravel slopes in bushes in Tibet[
Succeeds in most soils[
]. Requires a deep fertile soil in a sunny position[
Plants are hardy to about -5°c[
Plants have a long taproot and are intolerant of root disturbance[
]. They should be planted into their final positions as soon as possible.
The root and the rhizome are antispasmodic, nervine, stimulant and tonic[
]. The medicinal action resembles that of valerian (Valeriana officinalis) and the plant is used in the treatment of various hysterical conditions[
]. It is also believed to have a specific action on the pelvic organs and is used in treating dysmenorrhoea and a wide range of other feminine disorders[
]. The root is also a stimulant to mucous membranes and is used in treating chronic dysentery, diarrhoea, bronchitis and even pneumonia[
A gum is extracted from the root. Used as a perfume and an incense[
], it is a musk substitute[
Seed - best sown as soon as the seed is ripe in a greenhouse in autumn[
]. Otherwise sow in mid spring in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Plant them out into their permanent positions whilst still small because the plants dislike root disturbance[
]. Give the plants a protective mulch for at least their first winter outdoors.
Division in autumn. This may be inadvisable due to the plants dislike of root disturbance.