Ferula brevifolia Link ex Schult.
Ferula linkii Webb
Bubon rigidius L.
Ferula abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Ferula ferulago L.
Ferula lobeliana Vis.
Ferula montis-elgonis Bullock
Ferula nodiflora L.
Ferula rigida Ten.
Ferula sulcata Ledeb.
Ferulago nodosa rigida Troìa & Raimondo
Lophosciadium meoides Calest.
Peucedanum ferula Baill.
Common Name: Giant Fennel
Ferula communis is a perennial plant that can grow up to 2.50 metres tall
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
Ferula communis is common in most of the countries of its wide range and the overall trend of the population is stable. Any threats affecting the species are of low to medium impact with a small scope and range, they are unlikely to cause the global populations to decline significantly in the near future. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2015)[
A resin obtained from the plant is used medicinally, but in larger doeses can be harmful. It contains coumarin and other anti-nutritional factors and can cause internal and external haemorrhages, loss of vitamin K, anorexia, diarrhoea, weakness, hypothermia and hypoprothrombinuria[
Throughout the Mediterranean region, extending to Arabia and eastern Africa south to Tanzania
Woodland, forest glades, rough grassland, pastures, ruderal communities, rocky and stony places, uncultivated land, mountain plain, river banks, pond margins, river beds, olive groves, coastal edges, steep hills; at elevations up to 2,500 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
Ferula communis is hardy to about -10°c, possibly lower if the rootstock is mulched in the winter[
Succeeds in most soils[
] including dry ones according to one report[
] whilst others say that it requires a deep moist fertile soil in a sunny position[
]. Established plants are drought resistant[
A very ornamental plant[
], though the flowers have a most unpleasant rancid smell[
Plants are often monoecious[
Plants are intolerant of root disturbance due to their long taproot[
]. They should be planted into their final positions as soon as possible.
The sub-species brevifolia is the form used for its gum[
]. No further details are given.
A resin obtained from the plant is sedative and also used in the treatment of diabetes[
A gum 'Gum Ammoniac' is obtained by notching the root[
]. It is used as an incense[
], it also has medicinal value[
The stems are used in furniture making[
The dried pith is used as a tinder, it burns very slowly inside the stem and can thus be carried from one place to another[
Seed - best sown as soon as the seed is ripe in a greenhouse in autumn[
]. Otherwise sow in mid spring in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Plant them out into their permanent positions whilst still small because the plants dislike root disturbance[
]. Give the plants a protective mulch for at least their first winter outdoors.
Division in autumn. This may be inadvisable due to the plants dislike of root disturbance.