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Useful Temperate Plants

Eysenhardtia texana

Scheele

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Eysenhardtia angustifolia Pennell

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Eysenhardtia texana is most commonly a shrub growing up to 4 metres tall, but occasionally becomes more tree-like, growing up to 5 metres tall. The bole can be up to 25cm in diameter[
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1457
Title
Eysenhardtia (Leguminosae): Taxonomic revision and relationships
Publication
Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 4750. Iowa State University 1972
Author
Lang J.M.
Website
http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/4750
Publisher
Iowa State University
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials. It has fragrant blooms, delicate foliage, and a good branching growth form, making it of value as an ornamental[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Southern N. America - Texas, northern and central Mexico, south to Guanajuato.

Habitat

Dry forest, Juniperus forest, thorny forest, low deciduous forest and grassland, usually in areas where there is available ground water such as gullies and dry sttream beds; at elevations from 200 - 2,050 metres[
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1457
Title
Eysenhardtia (Leguminosae): Taxonomic revision and relationships
Publication
Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 4750. Iowa State University 1972
Author
Lang J.M.
Website
http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/4750
Publisher
Iowa State University
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height3.00 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Eysenhardtia texana is native from the warm temperate zone of Texas south to the tropical zone of southeastern Mexico. It can be found in desert areas with as little as 50mm of rainfall in the year, but is also found in temperate pine forest where annual rainfall can reach 1,750mm.
Grows best in a sunny position, tolerating part shade[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. The plant prefers calcareous soils, though it is found in the wild on a wide range of soils including saline, limestone, clayey, sandy-clays and rocky slopes[
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Established plants are drought tolerant, though are likely to defoliate during the drought[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
A fast-growing plant in moist conditions[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The vegetative parts of the plant give off a citrusy odour when crushed[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The wood is diuretic. It is used in the treatment of kidney and bladder infections[
274
Title
Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas
Publication
 
Author
Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J
Website
http://artemis.austincollege.edu/acad/bio/gdiggs/NCTXpdf.htm
Publisher
Botanical Research Institute, Texas.
Year
1999
ISBN
1-889878-01-4
Description
An excellent flora, which is also available on-line.
].

A methanol-dichloromethan extract of the aerial parts of the plant have shown antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans[
1458
Title
Activity of extracts from two Eysenhardtia species against microorganisms related to urinary tract infections
Publication
British Journal of Biomedical Science 2009 66 (2)
Author
C. Rivas-Morales et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The active compounds were believed to be flavanones[
1458
Title
Activity of extracts from two Eysenhardtia species against microorganisms related to urinary tract infections
Publication
British Journal of Biomedical Science 2009 66 (2)
Author
C. Rivas-Morales et al
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The flowers are a good source of nectar and are relished by bees[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Other Uses

A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the wood. It is used to colour textiles[
274
Title
Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas
Publication
 
Author
Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J
Website
http://artemis.austincollege.edu/acad/bio/gdiggs/NCTXpdf.htm
Publisher
Botanical Research Institute, Texas.
Year
1999
ISBN
1-889878-01-4
Description
An excellent flora, which is also available on-line.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

The heartwood is reddish-brown, streaked with black, The texture is rather fine, the grain moderately straight, texture is waxy. The wood is hard, heavy and durable, it takes a fine polish and finishes smoothly. Of rather good quality, but seldom available and then usually only in small pieces. It is used for making small items, particularly handles of tools. The wood is also used to make fence posts[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow in spring in trays in light shade in a greenhouse. No presoaking is necessary, though 12 hours in warm water might speed up the process. Germination is best at daytime temperatures of 20 - 30°c with 12 hours of light each day, though it will also germinate in the dark at temperatures from 15 - 40°c[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. Be very careful with the seedlings, they are very susceptible to damping off. Pot up when seedlings have three sets of true leaves and plant out when around 15 - 25cm tall.
Seed can also be sown whilst still in the seedpods. The pods should be soaked for 72 hours prior to sowing, with the water being changed every 8 hours[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Cuttings of soft or semi-hard wood, 10 - 15cm long, taken in the summer and early autumn. Cuttings tend to root in 3 - 4 weeks[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2021-07-26. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Eysenhardtia+texana>

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