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Common Name: Mountain Snow
Euphorbia marginata is an annual plant that can grow up to 0.60 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material[
]. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature[
Central N. America. A garden escape in S.E. Europe.
Infrequent to locally abundant, the plant has a liking for calcareous soils of prairies, roadsides, pastures and waste places[
Prefers a light well-drained moderately rich loam in an open position[
]. Succeeds in dry soils[
A very ornamental plant, its long-lasting flowers are used in button holes[
Hybridizes with other members of this genus[
]. The ripe seed is released explosively from the seed capsules[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[
This genus has been singled out as a potential source of latex (for making rubber) for the temperate zone, although no individual species has been singled out[
A latex from the plant is used for chewing[
]. Caution is advised, see the notes on toxicity above.
Astringent, women's complaints. Used in the treatment of leucorrhoea[
An infusion of the crushed leaves has been used as a liniment in the treatment of swellings[
An infusion of the plant has been used to increase milk flow in nursing mothers[
Any medicinal use of this plant should be carried out with great care, see the notes above on toxicity[
Seed - sow spring in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 weeks at 20°c.