Eupatorium kirilowii Turcz.
Eupatorium subtetragonum Miq.
Eupatorium lindleyanum is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant producing a clump of stems that are often branched from the base but can be unbranched; it can grow 30 - 150cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials. It is an ingredient of commercial cosmetic preparations.
E. Asia - Russia (southern Siberia), China, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Phillipines.
Shaded wet places in valleys, wet places in forests or grasslands; at elevations from 200 - 2,600 metres[
]. Wet grassy places in lowland and low mountains all over Japan[
]. Swamps or borders of water courses[
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Requires a sunny position, succeeding in most well-drained but moisture retentive fertile soils[
Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[
There are both diploid and polypoid forms of this species. Whilst the diploids reproduce sexually, the polyploids, which are widespread, produce their seeds without sexual fertilization[
The whole plant is anthelmintic, antidote, antitussive, diuretic and restorative[
The stems and leaves are used medicinally as a carminative and vasopressin (i.e., to promote water retention)[
The plant is used internally in the treatment of bronchitis and dysentery[
Externally, it is applied to swellings and wounds and is also important in the treatment of women's complaints, especially before and after parturition[
]. It is also used in the treatment of parasitic worms[
The leaves and stems are harvested in the summer before the flower buds open, and are dried for later use[
Used as a hair tonic[
]. The leaves, added to a hair pomade, promote the growth of the hair[
An extract of the whole plant is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic preparations as a humectant[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame and only just cover the seed. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer.
Division in spring or autumn[
]. Very easy, the clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions.