Euonymus europaeus leprosus L.f.
Euonymus integerrimus Prokh.
Euonymus oligospermus Ohwi
Euonymus panonicus Scop. ex C.F.Ludw.
Euonymus pauciflorus Maxim.
Euonymus voitii Graebn. & P.Graebn.
Euonymus verrucosus is a densely-branched deciduous shrub with a rounded habit; it can grow up to 3 metres tall. The bark is remarkably warted[
The plant is, or has been, cultivated in Russia for the latex produced in its roots[
Euonymus verrucosus is a widespread species with a large extent of occurrence. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
We have seen no specific reports of toxicity for this species, but there is a report in the Flora of the USSR Volume 14 that all parts of the plants in this genus are more or less poisonous[
Eurasia - eastern Russia to Italy, east to the Caucasus, Turkey and Iran. Also in northern China.
Broad-leaved and coniferous forests, occasionally in swampy ground, usually by rivers and ravines[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
Euonymus verrucosus is a very cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate temperatures down to around -25°c when fully dormant[
Thriving in almost any soil, including chalk, it is particularly suited to dry shaded areas[
]. Prefers a well-drained loamy soil[
The Gutta Percha is produced most abundantly when the plants are grown in an open, more arid environment[
The root contains 7 - 15% Gutta Percha, this is a non-elastic latex that is used in making plastics and insulation for electricity wires etc[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[
]. Stored seed requires 3 months cold stratification, so should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[
]. The seed can take 18 months to germinate. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 7cm long taken at a node or with a heel, mid summer in a frame. Very easy[