Erica dianthera Moench.
Erica peduncularis C.Presl
Erica purpurascens Lam.
Erica umbellifera Loisel.
Erica vagans Desf.
Ericoides multiflorum (L.) Kuntze
Gypsocallis multiflora D.Don
Erica multiflora is a low-growing, evergreen shrub reaching a height of 30 - 75cm[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It has been shown to be an effective antiviral in the treatment of Herpes simplex virus.
Southern Europe - Spain, France, Italy, Croatia, Albania; N. Africa - Morocco to Libya
This species is very rare in gardens, a form of Erica vagans often being made to do duty for it. These two species have been much confused by botanists, but Erica multiflora is easily distinguished by the anthers being only slightly notched at the top, whereas in Erica vagans the anther-cells are free from one another right to the base; the sepals also are longer and narrower than in Erica vagans[
The aerial parts of the plant are considered to be a urinary antiseptic, astringent and tranquillizer. They are also used in the treatment of prostate cancer[
A methanol extract of the plant has been shown to confer complete cell protection against the Herpes simplex-1 virus[
contained tannins, proanthocyanidins and flavonoids[