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Common Name: American Fireweed
Erechtites hieraciifolius is an annual plant that can grow up to 2.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine..
Eastern N. America - New Brunswick to Florida, west to South Dakota and Texas.
Wet areas in Texas-274]. Usually semidisturbed sites in open woods from sea level to 800 metres[
]. Thickets, burns and waste places[
We have vey little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy outdoors in Britain, though judging by its native range, it should succeed outdoors in many parts of the country.
A highly variable and mildly weedy species in America[
The whole plant is succulent, bitter and somewhat acrid[
]. It has been used by native North Americans as an emetic, alterative, cathartic, acrid tonic and astringent in the treatment of conditions such as eczema, diarrhoea and haemorrhages[
]. It is used in the treatment of ailments of the lungs, bowels, stomach etc where there is a problem with the mucous-tissue[
The oil (presumably an essential oil[
]) has been found highly serviceable in the treatment of piles and dysentery[