Elsholtzia byeonsanensis M.Kim
Elsholtzia haichowensis Y.Z.Sun
Elsholtzia lungtangensis Y.Z.Sun
Common Name: Shiny Elsholtzia
Elsholtzia splendens is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant with stems that are much branched above the base; it can grow 30 - 50cm tall.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic products and can be grown on soils contaminated with heavy metals to help restore fertility and reduce pollution.
E. Asia - eastern China, Korea.
Grassy areas in mountains in Korea[
]. Hills and grassy areas; at elevations up to 300 metres in China[
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An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils.
The whole plant contains an essential oil, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes[
]. It is used in Korea in the treatment of headaches, fevers, diarrhoea and oedema[
The plant is analgesic, antibacterial, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, antiviral, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge,sedative and sudorific. It stimulates the secretion of the gastric glands and peristalsis[
]. It is used in the treatment of colds, nausea, dropsy, stomach ache and typhoid[
Elsholtzia splendens is a highly copper-tolerant plant. It is also a pioneer species, and is often dominant at the early stage of secondary succession on copper mine spoils in China. The plant also concentrates the metal in its above-ground portions and so is a hyperaccumulator. It has potential for use in reclamation projects to restore the fertility of polluted sites, act as a nurse-species to help other species become established, whilst also helping to remove the pollutants[
Extracts of both the flowers and the whole plant are used as ingredients in commercial cosmetic preparations as a skin conditioner[
Seed - sow late spring in situ[