Aphanochilus fruticosus (D.Don) Kudô
Aphanochilus polystachyus Benth.
Colebrookea oppositifolia G.Lodd.
Elsholtzia dielsii H.Lév.
Elsholtzia polystachya Benth.
Elsholtzia tristis H.Lév. & Vaniot
Leucosceptrum plectranthoideum (H.Lév.) Marquand
Perilla fruticosa D.Don
Common Name: Ji Gu Chai
Elsholtzia fruticosa is an erect, much-branched, deciduous shrub that can grow from 80 - 200cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
E. Asia - India, Nepal, Myanmar, southern and eastern China (Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan).
Grasslands, open hills, valleys; at elevations from 1,200 - 3,200 metres[
]. Moist areas near streambanks; at elevations from 1,800 - 4,200 metres[
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Elsholtzia fruticosa is a very cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate temperatures down to around -25°c when fully dormant[
Grows well on woodland margins[
This species is a sub-shrub, the woody stems often dying back to the base in severe winters[
The flowers are fragrant[
The powdered seeds are used as a condiment for flavouring foodstuffs[
An edible oil is obtained from the seed[
One report says that the plant is used medicinally, but gives no more information[
]. It is antiinflammatory[
The juice of the roots is used to relieve headaches[
The highly aromatic foliage is used in pot-pourri[
]. The powdered plant is used for incense[
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse or cold frame[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Division in spring.