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Useful Temperate Plants

Elsholtzia blanda

(Benth.) Benth.

Lamiaceae

+ Synonyms

Aphanochilus blandus Benth.

Perilla elata D.Don

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Elsholtzia blanda is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant with stems that become more or less woody below and persist; it can grow around 100 - 150cm tall. The stems and branches are densely velvety[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and a food condiment. It is a potential commercial source of an essential oil.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
, 451

Range

E. Asia - Nepal, northeastern India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, southeast China, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia (Sumatera)

Habitat

Moist open places, open forests, ravines; at elevations from 800 - 2,500 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
]. Forest edges, light forest, glades, open heathland; at elevations around 1,000 - 1,800 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.20 m
PollinatorsBees, Insects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The plant is aromatic.

Edible Uses

The plant is used as a seasonng in foods[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
The seeds are pickled[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].

Medicinal

The plant is used medicinally[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. It is analgesic, antiinflammatory, cardiac[
1757
Title
Elsholtzia: review of traditional uses, chemistry and pharmacology
Publication
Journal of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences 2007 (16) 73-78
Author
Ai-Lin Liu, Simon M.Y. Lee, Yi-Tao Wang and Guan-Hua Du
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Traditionally, the aerial parts of the plant are used in India for the treatment of conditions such as fever, cholera, skin diseases, and inflammation. In traditional Chinese medicine the plant is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery, respiratory diseases, nephritis, hepatitis, pharyngritis, and acute enteritis[
1756
Title
Elsholtzia blanda Benth: New Citral-rich Chemotypes from India
Publication
Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 18:2, 132-139 2012
Author
Rana V.S. et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10496475.2011.651567
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1757
Title
Elsholtzia: review of traditional uses, chemistry and pharmacology
Publication
Journal of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences 2007 (16) 73-78
Author
Ai-Lin Liu, Simon M.Y. Lee, Yi-Tao Wang and Guan-Hua Du
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The aroma of the crushed leaves is inhaled in order to clear the nostrils when suffering from a cold or cough[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].
A paste made from the tender leaves, with common salt added, is applied to old wounds of cattle to clear pus and maggots[
1756
Title
Elsholtzia blanda Benth: New Citral-rich Chemotypes from India
Publication
Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 18:2, 132-139 2012
Author
Rana V.S. et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10496475.2011.651567
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The juice of the plant is used in the treatment of headaches[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].
Applied topically, the juice is used to treat cuts and wounds[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

The essential oil contains linalool and geranyl acetate as the main compounds. Luteolin, luteolin-7-O-glucoside, luteolin-3ยด-O-glucoside, and luteolin-7-O-glactoside have also been identified[
1756
Title
Elsholtzia blanda Benth: New Citral-rich Chemotypes from India
Publication
Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 18:2, 132-139 2012
Author
Rana V.S. et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10496475.2011.651567
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Other Uses

An essential oil is obtained from the aerial parts of the plant[
1756
Title
Elsholtzia blanda Benth: New Citral-rich Chemotypes from India
Publication
Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 18:2, 132-139 2012
Author
Rana V.S. et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10496475.2011.651567
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The leaves contain up to 2% essential oil[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
]. There are some citral-rich chemotypes of the plant with a high citral content between 75.2 - 83.5%. These citral-rich forms can be utilized as an alternative source of citral oil, neral, and geranial. - this oil has the potential to compete with commercial citral oils obtained from lemon grass, Cymbopogon flexuous[
1756
Title
Elsholtzia blanda Benth: New Citral-rich Chemotypes from India
Publication
Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 18:2, 132-139 2012
Author
Rana V.S. et al
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10496475.2011.651567
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-11-26. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Elsholtzia+blanda>

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