Acanthopanax aculeatus (Aiton) Witte
Acanthopanax sepium Seem.
Acanthopanax setosus (H.L.Li) C.B.Shang
Acanthopanax trifoliatus (L.) Voss
Aralia trifoliata (L.) Meyen
Eleutherococcus setosus (H.L.Li) Y.R.Ling
Panax aculeatus Aiton
Zanthoxylum trifoliatum L.
Eleutherococcus trifoliatus is a prickly, upright to scrambling or climbing, deciduous shrub that can grow up to 7 metres tall.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. The plant is traditionally cultivated as a vegetable in Tai villages of southern Yunnan, and is grown as a medicinal plant in Vietnam[
E. Asia - central Himalayas (Nepal to northeast India), southeastern China, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines
Scrub fields, roadsides, forest margins, in valleys or on mountain slopes; at elevations up to 1,000 metres in the east of its range, to 3,200 metres in the west[
]. Mountainous areas in Vietnam, occasionally on the edges of forests[
Eleutherococcus trifoliatus has a wide climatic range, being found at elevations up to 3,100 metres in the Himalayas where it can tolerate temperatures falling to around -10 to -15°c, through to the tropics of the Philippines[
Prefers a light warm open loamy humus-rich soil and a position sheltered from north and east winds.[
] Prefers a well-drained soil and full sun[
]. Tolerates urban pollution and poor soils[
All parts of the plant are particularly fragrant[
Young leaves - cooked[
]. A traditional vegetable in parts of china[
The root bark and stem bark are used in the treatment of coughs and colds, neuralgia, rheumatism, lumbago, ostealgia and impotence[
]. The bark is also considered to be a stimulant and tonic for the central nervous system and to improve the memory[
The bark is collected in the summer and autumn, wrapped to bring out the aroma and then thoroughly dried[
The root bark and stem bark contain triterpenoid saponinsand oleanolic acid[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame[
]. It can be slow to germinate. Stored seed requires 6 months warm followed by 3 months cold stratification[
] and can be very slow to germinate[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least the first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame[
Cuttings of ripe wood of the current season's growth, 15 - 30cm long in a cold frame[
Root cuttings in late winter[
Division of suckers in the dormant season[