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Useful Temperate Plants

Echinocereus triglochidiatus

Engelm.

Cactaceae


The taxonomy of this genus is complicated due to fuzzy taxonomic boundaries, polytypic taxa, and differing interpretations by specialists. Most North American botanists recognize about 50 species, while the Echinocereus specialists in Germany recognize more than 70 species[
1991
Title
Ajo Peak to Tinajas Altas: A flora in southwestern Arizona. Part 7. Eudicots: Cactaceae - Cactus Family
Publication
Phytoneuron 2014-69: 1-95
Author
Felger R.S. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2153 733X
Description
 
]. We are following the treatment of David Hunt, 2016 in CITES Cactaceae Checklist, Third Edition, ISBN 978-0-9933113-2-1.

+ Synonyms

Cereus gonacanthus Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow

Cereus hexaedrus Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow

Cereus octacanthus (Muehlenpf.) J.M.Coult.

Cereus triglochidiatus (Engelm.) Engelm.

Echinocereus coccineus octacanthus (Muehlenpf.) Boissev.

Echinocereus gonacanthus (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Lem.

Echinocereus octacanthus (Muehlenpf.) Britton & Rose

Echinocereus paucispinus gonacanthus (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) K.Schum.

Echinocereus paucispinus hexaedrus (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) K.Schum.

Echinocereus paucispinus triglochidiatus (Engelm.) K.Schum.

Echinopsis octacantha Muehlenpf.

Cereus bigelovii Engelm.

Cereus mohavensis S.Watson

Cereus mojavensis Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow

Echinocereus coccineus mojavensis (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) N.P.Taylor

Echinocereus mojavensis (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Engelm. ex Rümpler

Echinocereus sandersi Orcutt

Common Name: Mound Hedgehog Cactus

No Image.

General Information

Echinocereus triglochidiatus is a spiny, evergreen, succulent, perennial cactus. Sometimes forming a single, cylindrical stem around 5 - 70cm tall and 5 - 13cm in diameter, it more often branches from low down to form clumps or large mounds 100cm or more in diameter, consisting of 300 stems or more[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is grown as an ornamental.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus has a very wide range, is abundant, and there are no major threats. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2017)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
,
1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..

Range

Southwestern N. America - California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, northwest Mexico (Baja California)

Habitat

Xerophyllous scrub to pine-oak forests, growing on rocky or grassy hillsides, ledges, and canyons; mostly on igneous rocks, sometimes limestone.; at elevations from 150 - 3,000 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsHumming Birds, Bees
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Echinocereus triglochidiatus is native to arid and semi-arid regions of southwestern N. America. Cold tolerance much dependson the provenance of the plant. So long as the climate is not wet, var. arizonicus can tolerate short periods with temperatures falling to around -6°c, other varieties are generally much more cold resistant[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
]
In cultivation, Cactus plants generally will not succeed in moist climates. They usually require a sunny position in a well-drained, circumneutral soil and to be kept more or less dry in the dormant season[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw, cooked, or pickled[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
]. A white flesh[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
]. The green to yellow-green or pink (rarely red) fruit is around 20 - 35mm in diameter[
270
Title
Flora of N. America
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/fna/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line version of the flora with an excellent description of the plant including a brief mention of plant uses.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - surface sow on a finely sieved compost and place under a glass or transparent plastic cover in a temperature of 20°c.
Cuttings of detached branches. Leave the freshly taken cuttings in a warm, dry, airy position for the cut surface to callus, then place them in a sandy compost,
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2023-01-29. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Echinocereus+triglochidiatus>

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