The taxonomy of this genus is complicated due to fuzzy taxonomic boundaries, polytypic taxa, and differing interpretations by specialists. Most North American botanists recognize about 50 species, while the Echinocereus specialists in Germany recognize more than 70 species[
]. We are following the treatment of David Hunt, 2016 in CITES Cactaceae Checklist, Third Edition, ISBN 978-0-9933113-2-1.
Cereus leeanus Hook.
Cereus pacificus J.M.Coult.
Cereus pleiogonus Labour.
Cereus polyacanthus Engelm.
Echinocereus durangensis Rümpler
Echinocereus leeanus (Hook.) Lem. ex Rümpler
Echinocereus triglochidiatus polyacanthu (Engelm.) U.Guzmán
Common Name: Mojave Mound cactus
Echinocereus polyacanthus is a spiny, succulent, evergreen, perennial cactus plant that sometimes forms a single stem or can branch from low-down to form clumps of as many as 400 stems. The stems are erectm cylindrical, around 10 - 30cm long and 2 - 7cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
Echinocereus polyacanthus is widely distributed, locally common across its range, and there are no major threats. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2017)[
Southwestern N. America - northern and western Mexico (Chihuahua to Jalisco)
Rocky outcrops in oak and pine woodlands, rocky mountain slopes in volcanic or sedimentary rocks with humus pockets; at elevations from 1,300 - 2,000 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
Fruit - raw[
]. The ovoid, green fruits have a white pulp[
], The fruit is covered with sharp spines and is difficult to utilize, though the flavour is good[