The taxonomy of this genus is complicated due to fuzzy taxonomic boundaries, polytypic taxa, and differing interpretations by specialists. Most North American botanists recognize about 50 species, while the Echinocereus specialists in Germany recognize more than 70 species[
]. We are following the treatment of David Hunt, 2016 in CITES Cactaceae Checklist, Third Edition, ISBN 978-0-9933113-2-1.
Echinocereus sarissophorus Britton & Rose
Echinocereus uehri Blanc ex F.Haage
Echinocereus uspenskii F.Haage
Cereus dubius Engelm.
Cereus enneacanthus Engelm.
Cereus merkeri (Hildm.) A.Berger
Echinocereus dubius (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Rümpler
Common Name: Pitaya
Echinocereus enneacanthus is a spiny, evergreen, succulent, perennial cactus forming low clumps of 30 - 200 stems. The cylindrical stems are decumbent, up to 200cm long and 3 - 15cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
Echinocereus enneacanthus has a very wide range, is abundant, and is not affected by any major threats. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2017)[
Southern N. America - southwest Texas, northeast Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas and Zacatecas)
Desert scrub and grasslands, on limestone soils, sometimes clay loam soils of rocky or gravelly hills, washes or plains in desert, brush/grassland[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
In cultivation, Cactus plants generally will not succeed in moist climates. They usually require a sunny position in a well-drained, circumneutral soil and to be kept more or less dry in the dormant season[
Fruit - fresh or preserved[
]. The juicy fruits taste like strawberries[
]. A delicious flavour[
]. The pale yellow-green or dull reddish, globose to ovoid fruits are 20 - 30mm in diameter[