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Useful Temperate Plants

Echinocactus platyacanthus

Link & Otto

Cactaceae

+ Synonyms

Echinocactus edulis Haage ex C.F.Först.

Echinocactus ghiesbreghtianus Lem.

Echinocactus grandis Rose

Echinocactus helophorus Lem.

Echinocactus ingens Zucc. ex Pfeiff.

Echinocactus irroratus Scheidw.

Echinocactus karwinskii Zucc. ex Pfeiff.

Echinocactus macracanthus de Vriese

Echinocactus minax Lem.

Echinocactus oligacanthus Mart. ex Pfeiff.

Echinocactus palmeri Rose

Echinocactus platyceras Lem.

Echinocactus saltillensis Poselg.

Echinocactus tuberculatus Link & Otto

Echinofossulocactus helophorus (Lem.) Lawr.

Echinofossulocactus karwinskianus Lawr.

Echinofossulocactus platyceras (Lem.) Lawr.

Melocactus ingens Karw. ex Pfeiff.

Melocactus platyacanthus Link & Otto

Melocactus tuberculatus Link & Otto

Echinocactus arachnoideus Scheidw.

Echinocactus aulacogonus Lem.

Common Name: Biznaga Burra

No Image.

General Information

Echinocactus platyacanthus is a spiny, evergreen, succulent, barrel-shaped cactus with an often massive, globose to broadly columnar or barrel-shaped stem that can be 50 - 250cm tall and 40 - 80cm in diameter[
1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..
].
This species is probably one of the two most economically important barrel cacti growing in Mexico (the other is Ferocactus histrix (DC.) G.E.Linds.). The plant is widely exploited from the wild as a food and medicine, and is also removed from the wild to be grown as an ornamental. The flower buds are especially popular as a food, being sold in local markets, and there is a large industry making candy from the flesh of the stems. The importance of this species increases with the aridity of the land in which it grows and its inadequacy for agriculture[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Echinocactus platyacanthus is a wide spread but slow-growing species that is currently being exploited at unsustainable levels, and there are few young individuals in the population. There is a strong need for regulation on the use of this species for candy and livestock forage in order to ensure sustainable use levels. Further research is needed to understand the life history, demography, and impact of human use. Based upon current trends, this species will become threatened in near future without increased protections and enforcement. The plant is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..

Range

Southern N. America - northeastern to central Mexico (Nuevo León to Oaxaca)

Habitat

Xerophyllous scrub, preferring calcareous soils; at elevations from 1,100 - 2,400 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusNear Threatened
Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Perennial
Height2.00 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


In cultivation, Cactus plants generally will not succeed in moist climates. They usually require a sunny position in a well-drained, circumneutral soil and to be kept more or less dry in the dormant season[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Stem pulp - raw or cooked. It can be eaten in salads[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
]. This species is used to make candy. Stem fragments are coated in sugar to make a candy called biznaga or acitrón[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Pulp from the huge stem is used to make a candy called 'acitrón' or 'dulce de viznaga' in southern Mexico[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
].

The pulp of the stem of Echinocactus species can be used as an emergency supply of water for drinking. Native peoples had various methods of obtaining the water, one of the easiest is to simply squeeze the moisture out of the pulp and into a container by hand. The resulting liquid is at least refreshing, though unpleasant and slimy to the taste[
1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..
].

Medicinal

In some areas, this species is used medicinally.[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. No more information.

Other Uses

The woolly hairs on the plant have been used as fibre for filling and weaving[
1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..
]. Known as 'lana de biznaga', (wool of the barrel cactus), it was harvested in quantity and used as padding, in making cordage, or in weaving articles such as blankets and vests[
1987
Title
The Cactus Family
Publication
 
Author
Anderson E.F.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2001
ISBN
0-88192-498-9
Description
An excellent work, giving botanical descriptions of virtually all the cacti, together with their range (but not their habitats) and sometimes also a photo. it also contains a long chapter detailing the many uses of cacti and another on cultivation..
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2023-02-02. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Echinocactus+platyacanthus>

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