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Useful Temperate Plants

Corylus × vilmorinii

Rehd.

Betulaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Chinese Trazel

No Image.

General Information

Corylus x vilmorinii is a deciduous tree with a well developed main trunk; it can grow 20 metres or more tall
A tree of hybrid origin, unknown in the wild, it produces a large, edible seed and also has merit for growing as an ornamental, being especiall decorative in late winter[
1892
Title
Corylus x vilmorinii
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine Vol 22, Issue 4 pp 225-228, 2005
Author
Taylor N. & Kirkham T.
Website
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1355-4905.2005.00496.x
Publisher
 
Year
2005
ISBN
1355-4905
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1892
Title
Corylus x vilmorinii
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine Vol 22, Issue 4 pp 225-228, 2005
Author
Taylor N. & Kirkham T.
Website
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1355-4905.2005.00496.x
Publisher
 
Year
2005
ISBN
1355-4905
Description
 

Range

A hybrid of garden origin, Corylus chinensis x Corylus avellana.

Habitat

Not known in the wild.

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height25.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental

Cultivation Details

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils, but is in general more productive of seeds when grown on soils of moderate fertility[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It does less well in rich heavy soils or poor ones[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
63
Title
Nuts.
Publication
 
Author
Howes. F. N.
Publisher
Faber
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
Rather old but still a masterpiece. Has sections on tropical and temperate plants with edible nuts plus a section on nut plants in Britain. Very readable.
]. Does well in a loamy soil[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
]. Very suitable for an alkaline soil[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
], but it dislikes very acid soils[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
]. Plants are fairly wind tolerant[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
,
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
Corylus x vilmorinii is a tree of hybrid origin, unknown in the wild, that produces a large, edible seed and also has merit for growing as an ornamental[
1892
Title
Corylus x vilmorinii
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine Vol 22, Issue 4 pp 225-228, 2005
Author
Taylor N. & Kirkham T.
Website
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1355-4905.2005.00496.x
Publisher
 
Year
2005
ISBN
1355-4905
Description
 
]. It is especially decorative in late winter when its long pendulous pale brown catkins (15cm or more long) can be borne in such profusion that they give the tree the appearance of being draped in curtains[
1892
Title
Corylus x vilmorinii
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine Vol 22, Issue 4 pp 225-228, 2005
Author
Taylor N. & Kirkham T.
Website
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1355-4905.2005.00496.x
Publisher
 
Year
2005
ISBN
1355-4905
Description
 
]
Members of this genus bear transplanting well and can be easily moved even when relatively large[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
This species is a hybrid of garden origin, produced by crossing Corylus chinensis with orylus. avellana. The Chinese parent contributes a characteristic rounded nut with a slightly thinner shell than Corylus colurna.
A relatively fast-growing species, it has become a robust, 6 metres tall specimen in 15 years from planting.
This species does not produce suckers.

Edible Uses

Seed - raw or cooked[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. Rich in oil. The seed is a depressed-globose nut around 20 - 25mm in diameter, produced in clusters of one to several[
1892
Title
Corylus x vilmorinii
Publication
Curtis's Botanical Magazine Vol 22, Issue 4 pp 225-228, 2005
Author
Taylor N. & Kirkham T.
Website
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1355-4905.2005.00496.x
Publisher
 
Year
2005
ISBN
1355-4905
Description
 
].
The seed ripens in mid to late autumn and will probably need to be protected from squirrels[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. When kept in a cool place, and not shelled, the seed should store for at least 12 months[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed.

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is harvested in autumn in a cold frame[
164
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 4.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1990
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.
]. Germinates in late winter or spring. Stored seed should be pre-soaked in warm water for 48 hours and then given 2 weeks warm followed by 3 - 4 months cold stratification[
164
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 4.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1990
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.
]. Germinates in 1 - 6 months at 20°c[
164
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 4.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1990
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or sheltered place outdoors for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. This species is a hybrid and will not breed true from seed.
Layering in autumn. Easy, it takes about 6 months[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Hardwood cuttings.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-05-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Corylus+%C3%97+vilmorinii>

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