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Useful Temperate Plants

Coronilla scorpioides

(L.) W.D.J.Koch

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Arthrolobium scorpioides (L.) DC.

Arthrolobium tauricum Kalen.

Astrolobium scorpioides (L.) DC.

Ornithopus scorpioides L.

Common Name: Annual Scorpion Vetch

No Image.

General Information

Coronilla scorpioides is an erect to ascending, annual plant growing up to 40cm tall[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and a dye. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental.

Known Hazards

The plant contains the glucoside coronillin. This has potential medicinal application - in small doses it slows the pulse through stimulation of the inhibitory ganglia, and in larger quantity increases the tonicity and contractility of the heart, though in still larger quantities it eventually leads to systolic spasm of the ventricle leading to death by cardiac arrest[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

N. Africa - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia; southern Europe - Portugal and France to Ukraine, Romania and Greece; W. Asia - Turkey, the Levant and Caucasus

Habitat

A common weed of cultivated ground.

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.40 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Requires a light well-drained soil in full sun[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The twigs and leaves have a similar action to the common broom, Cytisus scoparia[
4
Title
A Modern Herbal.
Publication
 
Author
Grieve.
Publisher
Penguin
Year
1984
ISBN
0-14-046-440-9
Description
Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.
]. They are collected as the plant comes into flower and can be stored for later use. They are diuretic, cardiac, cathartic and laxative[
4
Title
A Modern Herbal.
Publication
 
Author
Grieve.
Publisher
Penguin
Year
1984
ISBN
0-14-046-440-9
Description
Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.
].

A poultice made from the leaves and stems is applied to the bites of scorpions and other venomous animals[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].

The plant contains several medicinally active compounds including glycosides, polyphenols and coumarins[
1337
Title
The Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Coronilla varia and Coronilla scorpioides: A Review
Publication
The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal, 2016, 3(2):105-114
Author
Ali Esmail Al-Snafi
Website
http://www.tpcj.org
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2349-7092
Description
 
].

Other Uses

A blue dye like indigo can be obtained by fermentation of the leaves[
4
Title
A Modern Herbal.
Publication
 
Author
Grieve.
Publisher
Penguin
Year
1984
ISBN
0-14-046-440-9
Description
Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-09-29. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Coronilla+scorpioides>

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