The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Common Name: Ironwood
Cliftonia monophylla is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to 4.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of materials.
South-eastern N. America - Louisiana to Florida.
Damp, sandy, peat soils in alluvial swamps and bays free from mud, lime, sulphur and salt[
]. Often also found in shallow, rarely overflowed swamps[
Requires a free-draining, light, sandy, acid soil with additional leafmould added[
This species is not very hardy outdoors in Britain[
]. It can be grown in areas where frosts are light and of short duration, otherwise it will require some protection from winter cold[
The flowers are very fragrant[
Wood - heavy, close-grained, moderately hard, brittle, not strong[
]. It burns with a clear, bright flame and is valued as a fuel[
Seed - we have no information for this species, but the seed is probably best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out in early summer when there is no danger of frost. Give them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a sandy medium in a frame[