Carduus acanthifolius Lam.
Carduus oleraceus (L.) Vill.
Carduus rigens Godr.
Carduus tataricus L.
Cirsium braunii F.Schultz ex Nyman
Cirsium lachenalii DC.
Cirsium pallens DC.
Cirsium parviflorum DC.
Cirsium rigens (Willd.) Spreng.
Cirsium subalatum Gaudin
Cirsium tataricum DC.
Cirsium thomasii Nägeli
Cirsium variabile Moench
Cnicus bracteatus Gilib.
Cnicus lachenalii C.C.Gmel.
Cnicus oleraceus L.
Cnicus pratensis Lam.
Cnicus rigens Willd.
Cynara colorata Stokes
Onotrophe oleracea (L.) Cass.
Serratula oleracea (L.) Neck.
Common Name: Cabbage Thistle
Cirsium oleraceum is a herbaceous perennial plant producing a basal rosette of leaves and an erect, usually unbranched stem that can grow around 50 - 120cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials. It has been cultivated, at least on an experimental basis, as a food[
Most of Europe, excluding Portugal, Albania and Greece, extending through Russia to western Siberia and Kazakhstan
Marshes, fens, streamsides and wet woods in Britain, avoiding acid soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera, Beetles, Self
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Cirsium species are generally easily grown plants, succeeding in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[
]. This species avoids acid soils in the wild[
A good bee and butterfly plant[
Young leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable[
Root - cooked[
]. Harvested before the plant flowers, it was formerly used as a table vegetable[
]. The root is likely to be rich in inulin, a starch that cannot be digested by humans. This starch thus passes straight through the digestive system and, in some people, ferments to produce flatulence[
The seed fluff is used as a tinder[
The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression[
]. No details of potential yields etc are given[
Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c[
Division in spring or autumn.