Aplotaxis cirsioides DC.
Aplotaxis pungens DC.
Breea arvensis (L.) Less.
Breea dioica Less.
Breea ochrolepidia (Juz.) Soják
Breea praealta Less.
Breea segetum (Bunge) Kitam.
Breea setosa (Willd.) Kitam.
Carduus arvensis (L.) Robson
Carduus haemorrhoidalis DC.
Carduus lanatus Roxb. ex Poir.
Carduus segetum (Bunge) Franch.
Carduus serratuloides Neck.
Carduus setosus Bab.
Cephalonoplos arvensis (L.) Fourr.
Cephalonoplos ochrolepidium (Juz.) Juz.
Cephalonoplos segetum (Bunge) Kitam.
Cephalonoplos setosus (Willd.) Kitam.
Cirsium albicans Willk.
Cirsium albiflorum Kitag.
Cirsium argenteum Peyer ex Vest
Cirsium argunense DC.
Cirsium celakovskianum K.Knaf
Cirsium dioicum Cass.
Cirsium halophilum Turcz. ex Herder
Cirsium horridum (Wimm. & Grab.) Stankov
Cirsium incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Fisch. ex M.Bieb.
Cirsium laevigatum Tausch
Cirsium lanatum Spreng.
Cirsium macrostylon (Moretti) Rchb.
Cirsium mutatum Menyh.
Cirsium neglectum Fisch. ex Spreng.
Cirsium ochrolepidium Juz.
Cirsium praealtum Cass.
Cirsium rubricaule Novopokr.
Cirsium ruthenicum Fisch.
Cirsium segetum Bunge
Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Besser ex M.Bieb.
Cirsium sordidum Wallr.
Cirsium stocksii Boiss.
Cnicus arvensis (L.) Hoffm.
Cnicus arvensis (L.) Roth
Cnicus lanatus Willd.
Cnicus macrostylus Moretti
Cnicus ruthenicus J.Henning
Cnicus segetum Maxim.
Cnicus setosus (Willd.) Besser
Cynara repens Stokes
Ixine arvensis Hill
Saussurea pungens (DC.) Sch.Bip.
Serratula arvensis L.
Serratula campestris Schweigg. ex DC.
Serratula complanata Schweigg.
Serratula incana S.G.Gmel.
Serratula lanata Poir.
Serratula setosa Willd.
Serratula spinosa Gilib.
Common Name: Creeping Thistle
Cirsium arvense is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a slender taproot with far-creeping lateral roots from which grow numerous new, flowering and non-flowering, erect stems. The flowering stems can be 30 - 90cm tall, occasionally up to 150cm. The plant can spread rapidly by means of these roots and soon forms dense colonies of prickly growth[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
Cirsium arvense has spread as a weed through most temperate regions of the world. A pernicious weed, it spreads freely from its aggressive root system and also from its seeds which can be transported some distance in the wind. It rapidly invades disturbed soils and grassland and can quickly form dense clumps of growth. Eradication can be difficult because even a short length of root can regenerate and form now colonies of the plant[
Widespread through most of temperate and subtropical Eurasia, also found in parts of N. Africa.
Arable land, roadsides etc[
], a common weed of cultivated land[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera, Beetles, Self
The creeping thistle is a pernicious garden weed, spreading freely from its aggressive root system[
], It can quickly form dense clumps of growth and really does not need to be introduced into the garden. Succeeds in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[
Plants are often dioecious[
A polymorphic species[
Root of first year plants - raw or cooked[
]. Nutritious but rather bland, they are best used in a mixture with other vegetables[
]. The root is likely to be rich in inulin, a starch that cannot be digested by humans. This starch thus passes straight through the digestive system and, in some people, ferments to produce flatulence[
Stems - they are peeled and cooked like asparagus or rhubarb[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. A fairly bland flavour, but the prickles need to be removed before the leaves can be eaten - not only is this rather fiddly but very little edible leaf remains[
]. The leaves are also used to coagulate plant milks etc[
The root is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and hepatic[
]. It has been chewed as a remedy for toothache[
]. A decoction of the roots has been used to treat worms in children[
]. A paste of the roots, combined with an equal quantity of the root paste of Amaranthus spinosus, is used in the treatment of indigestion[
The leaves are antiphlogistic[
]. They cause inflammation and have irritating properties[207[.
The plant contains a volatile alkaloid and a glycoside called cnicin, which has emetic and emmenagogue properties[
The whole plant is antipyretic, depurative and haemostatic. It resolves clots and is used in the treatment of haemoptysis, haematemesis, metrorrhagia, boils and carbuncles and traumatic bleeding[
]. (as Cirsium segetum)
The seed fluff is used as a tinder[
The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression[
]. The seed of this species contains about 22% oil[
]. It has been used in India as an illuminant[
Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c. A pernicious weed, not many people would want to invite this plant into their garden.