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Useful Temperate Plants

Cirsium acaule

(L.) Scop.

Asteraceae


This taxon is often spelled as Cirsium acaulon

+ Synonyms

Carduus acaulis L.

Carduus caulescens Pers. ex Steud.

Carduus gmelinii Steud.

Carduus mollis Vill.

Carduus rosenii Vill.

Carduus spinosissimus Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.

Carduus spinosus Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.

Cirsium acaulon (L.) Scop.

Cirsium allionii Spenn.

Cirsium decipiens Nyman

Cirsium decoloratum W.D.J.Koch

Cirsium exigium Bubani

Cirsium fallax Franch.

Cirsium gmelinii Tausch

Cirsium gregarium Willk.

Cirsium lachenalii W.D.J.Koch

Cirsium rosenii Vill.

Cnicus acaulis (L.) Willd.

Cnicus dubius Willd.

Onotrophe acaulis (L.) Cass.

Polyacantha acaulis (L.) Hill

Common Name: Stemless Thistle

No Image.

General Information

Cirsium acaule is a herbaceous perennial plant with long, stout roots and a short rhizome. It produces one or more rosettes of prickly leaves, usually with a few sessile flowering heads at the centre; occasionallt producing an elongated aerial stem up to 30cm tall[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials..

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.

Range

Europe, Norway, through Britain to Spain, east to Sweden, the Baltic States, Poland, Romania and the Balkans

Habitat

Closely grazed pastures, especially on chalk or limestone[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitPerennial
Height0.15 m
PollinatorsBees, Flies, Lepidoptera, Beetles, Self
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


An easily grown plant, succeeding in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This plant is very injurious in grassland, killing all plants that grow below it[
4
Title
A Modern Herbal.
Publication
 
Author
Grieve.
Publisher
Penguin
Year
1984
ISBN
0-14-046-440-9
Description
Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

At one time the root used to be chewed as a remedy for toothache[
4
Title
A Modern Herbal.
Publication
 
Author
Grieve.
Publisher
Penguin
Year
1984
ISBN
0-14-046-440-9
Description
Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.
].

Other Uses

The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression[
4
Title
A Modern Herbal.
Publication
 
Author
Grieve.
Publisher
Penguin
Year
1984
ISBN
0-14-046-440-9
Description
Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.
]. No details of potential yields etc are given[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-11-28. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Cirsium+acaule>

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