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Useful Temperate Plants

Cinnamomum glanduliferum

(Wall.) Meisn.

Lauraceae

+ Synonyms

Camphora glandulifera (Wall.) Nees

Cinnamomum cavaleriei H.Lév.

Laurus glandulifera Wall.

Machilus dominii H.Lév.

Machilus mekongensis Diels

Common Name:

Cinnamomum glanduliferum
Trunk of the tree
Photograph by: Lazaregagnidze
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Cinnamomum glanduliferum Cinnamomum glanduliferum

General Information

Cinnamomum glanduliferum is an evergreen tree that usually grows 5 - 15 metres tall, occasionally reaching 20 metres. The bole can be up to 30cm in diameter[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of essential oil, fixed oil and wood. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental in gardens,

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, northeast India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malaysia.

Habitat

Evergreen broad-leaved forests on hilly land; at elevations from 1,500 - 2,500 metres, occasionally ascending to 3,000 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height12.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Cinnamomum glanduliferum is a plant of warm temperate to tropcal climates in China, India and southeast Asia. It is able to tolerate short-lived frosts, probably down to -5°c, possibly lower. It needs to grow in areas with ample summer heat in order to ensure that it thoroughly ripens the current season's growth, otherwise it will be less winter-hardy[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].
Requires a very sunny position in climates with cooler summers, but otherwise requires some shade from the strongest sun. Prefers an acidic soil with ample moisture in summer[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].
Species in this genus are generally able to resprout from basal wood if the top is harmed, and will soon recover from frost damage[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].
Almost all parts of the plant are aromatic.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The leaves are carminative and stimulant. They are used to treat the common cold, cough, wind-damp impediment pain, distending pain in stomach duct and diarrhoea[
1365
Title
Exploration of antimicrobial potential of essential oils of Cinnamomum glanduliferum, Feronia elephantum, Bupleurum
Publication
Pharm Biol, Early Online: 1-4
Author
Charu Singh; Shalini Singh; Chitra Pande; Geeta Tewari; Veen
Website
http://doi.org/10.3109/13880209.2013.805234
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1744-5116
Description
 
].

The bark and roots are used medicinally[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

The chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from this plant can vary considerably according to the region in which the plant is growing. The leaves of one sample from northern India (Uttarakhand) was characterized by a high proportion of oxygenated monoterpenes (55.4 %) followed by monoterpene hydrocarbons (35.36 %) with the major constituents being 1,8-cineole (41.42 %), alpha-pinene (20.28 %), alpha-terpineol (9.4%), germacrene D-4-ol (6.1%) and alpha-thujene (5.1%)[
1365
Title
Exploration of antimicrobial potential of essential oils of Cinnamomum glanduliferum, Feronia elephantum, Bupleurum
Publication
Pharm Biol, Early Online: 1-4
Author
Charu Singh; Shalini Singh; Chitra Pande; Geeta Tewari; Veen
Website
http://doi.org/10.3109/13880209.2013.805234
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1744-5116
Description
 
].
The essential oil has shown pronounced activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria[
1365
Title
Exploration of antimicrobial potential of essential oils of Cinnamomum glanduliferum, Feronia elephantum, Bupleurum
Publication
Pharm Biol, Early Online: 1-4
Author
Charu Singh; Shalini Singh; Chitra Pande; Geeta Tewari; Veen
Website
http://doi.org/10.3109/13880209.2013.805234
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
1744-5116
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The leafy branchlets contain essential oil and camphor[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

The oily fat obtained from the fruit kernel is used for industrial purposes[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

The wood is used for making furniture[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Propagation

Seed - the seed has a short viability and is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Remove the fruit pulp since this can inhibit germination[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Germination can take 1 - 6 months at 20°c[
164
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 4.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1990
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.
]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible in a warm greenhouse[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Consider giving them some protection from the cold for at least their first two winters outdoors.
Cuttings of semi-ripe side shoots, 7cm with a heel, early summer/July in a frame with bottom heat[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2024-04-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Cinnamomum+glanduliferum>

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